Wire Fox Terrier - doggie with original appearance, tireless, cheerful and positive. Despite its small size, it is very successful in hunting, and the beast cannot hide from it even in its own hole. At home, it’s a sparkling merry fellow, loving, positive, not bored. The breed has a deep history, and the dogs themselves are not without a certain aristocracy.
Origin of breed
Like other terriers that were bred on the territory of the British Isles for hunting burrowing animals, the fox terrier is a descendant of peat dogs that lived in this area in ancient times.
Earthen dogs back in the Middle Ages were actively used by English hunters, dogs poisoned foxes and badgers. But then they were not divided into breeds and did not pay attention to breeding work. General requirements were imposed on dogs - a dog must have good health, be agile, fearless, and be able to work in a hole.
Only by the end of the 18th century, fox terriers began to look different from other burrow hunters and formed into a separate pedigree type. Even later, they were divided into two different breeds, based on the quality of the coat.
Description of the breed Wire-haired Fox Terrier
The purebred representative of the breed looks very impressive and aristocratic, its coat emphasizes the format of the body and muzzle. Outwardly, the fox terrier looks like a friendly, pretty dog. But experienced hunters know - in work, the dog shows himself as a real pro - cunning, dexterous, hardy.
The standard includes fairly stringent requirements for fox terriers, and even a slight deviation is the reason for scoring. Not only the size of the animal is estimated, but its proportionality, addition, excessive lightness and heaviness are not allowed.
The fox terrier adopts a special stance reminiscent of a horse when it is ready to take off. It also arouses interest among judges. Dogs have a lightning reaction and are sensitive to the slightest extraneous noise. Males can be distinguished from females visually - the bitches have a more elegant head and a mild expression of the muzzle, in addition, they have a more elongated and squat body. Growth dogs should not exceed 39 cm, and weigh ideal representatives of the breed 8.5 kg.
It is worth considering that a show-class dog is different from a working dog. If he shows himself perfectly in normal trials, then the hunter will not care how much his pet fits the established standards. In the official document, the fox terrier is described as follows:
- Head wedge-shaped, but without sharpening, the top line is flat, the foot practically does not stand out. The occipital protuberance is poorly developed, the forehead is moderately wide, slightly tapering to the eyes.
- The cheekbones and cheeks are flattened, but the area under the orbits is filled. The muzzle ends with a rounding, but the wool gives it a chopped look.
- Lips fit well, covered with pigment. The teeth are snow-white, powerful, complete. Only a regular, scissor bite is allowed.
- The lobe is sensitive, mobile, black. Eyes slightly oval, but without bulge, set deep. The iris is dark brown, the darker the better.
- Ears semi-permanent, tips are down, located forward, to the line of the cheekbones.
- The back is short, but thanks to the set body has a rectangular format. The neck is muscular, oval, medium in size, folds and suspension are absent. The chest is spacious, but not very wide, with springy, but not barrel-shaped ribs.
- The back passes into a strong lumbar belt, which does not go beyond the line of the spine, croup with sloping, smoothly flows into the hips. The inguinal line is well taut, there is a "detonation". The withers are perfectly visualized.
- Limbs front with oblique shoulder blades, developed shoulders and elongated forearms, are located under the body. The elbow joints are parallel to the chest, but not pressed against it. The hind limbs are drawn farther than the line of the croup, the angles of the joints are well defined. Shins are long, knees are short, down to the ground. The brush is compact, rounded, with raised fingers, but not arched.
- If cropping is not prohibited in the country, then working dogs tail shorten. At exhibitions, the length of the tail does not play any role. It is located high, tense, it does not lie on its back and does not twist.
The quality of the coat and possible colors
In representatives of the coarse-haired type, the fur coat is dense, with a rough, stiff awn. Dogs are equipped with a thick, plentiful undercoat, the length of which is shorter than the spine, this coat is softer, fluffy.
In all purebred dogs, the main tone in the color is white. Against its background, reddish or black spots can be located, tricolor individuals are also found.
Character Features of Fox Hunters
Regardless of the type of coat, the fox terrier is mobile, active doggie, able to act with lightning speed. He will never give up games and fun, will be happy to participate in all positive events.
Doggie perfectly combines the qualities of both a hunter and a pet, but is best suited as a pet to people who love sports, hunting, prefer the action to an idle rest.
He is very passionate and in most cases comes out of the fight with the beast the winner. With all its hunting abilities, the fox terrier is an excellent companion - loving, faithful, funny and funny.
The fox terrier is a self-confident doggie that is capable of being stubborn, and therefore requires education and training. It is an excellent option for families with children - it is difficult to find a best friend for games, because he can play and frolic for hours. But with kids he does not get along so well, as he will not tolerate a careless attitude and can bite.
The dog treats strangers cautiously and incredulously, since the Fox instinctively has developed security instincts. The dog is able to protect the family from intruders and will not even see how much the enemy surpasses him in size and strength.
When acquiring such a four-legged friend, it should be borne in mind that he is a hunter to the marrow of bones. And that means that he can run away after a running cat during a walk, forgetting everything in the world. In addition, there will be no rest for domestic animals - it will be difficult for this little terrier to restrain impulses. Another nuance - the fox hunter is quite pugnacious, he often acts as the initiator of a fight with his own kind.
The representative of the breed is a hard worker, he needs regular physical exertion, jogging, on-site activities, hunting trips, or at least nature. Such a pet is successful in many sports. A bored doggie is a disaster for personal items and the interior. In addition to classes, he should have enough communication with family members.
Raising and training a fox terrier
If you take the best dogs for training, the hunting breeds will be at the end of the list. They are by no means stupid, but too reckless, independent and stubborn to immediately obey and unquestioningly carry out commands that are meaningless from their point of view. It is important to find an approach to the pet and take into account that he will have to repeat the command more than once in order to get a positive result.
Toxicists love to eat, and it is worth using during training. Doggie will definitely want to get a treat, and in this case he will immediately understand what is required for this. But it’s important not to overfeed the dog, and for this the daily portion should be slightly reduced due to the “encouraging treat”.
It is important to teach this hyperactive pet "good manners." He must get used to the toilet on the street, understand the basic commands and be obedient. The latter quality is especially necessary if the dog is working. The owner must take the highest step in the hierarchy, then the dog will listen to him. Also, the pet must get used to the leash, otherwise the walks will become very problematic.
How to care for a fox terrier with hard hair?
Usually a pet that does not participate in show programs does not need particularly careful care. Doggie is fed, regularly walked and educated. Comb it out every 2-3 days using a brush suitable for this type of coat.
In addition, like other wire-haired dogs, Fox needs trimming - plucking off dead hair. This procedure can be entrusted to a professional or to master the technique and implement it yourself. Dogs do not bathe often, their hair has a water and dirt-repellent property.
The claws of these dogs grow quickly, so they are cut 2-4 times a month using a special clipper. You should also carefully trim the hair that grows between the fingers and pads.
The owner must know that the wire-haired fox-terriers are not sheared, as this will negatively affect the quality of the coat - the spar will become thinner, lose its natural shine and outwardly resemble fallen cotton wool.
The eyes of the dog are inspected once or twice a week, if contaminants appear in them, they are wiped with a cotton swab soaked in tea leaves or chamomile broth. If the mucous membrane turns red or there is increased lacrimation, then it is worth taking the dog to a veterinarian.
Ears also need regular inspection. If contaminants are present, they should be cleaned to prevent further infection. The teeth are cleaned of plaque and tartar using a special paste for dogs, dentological agents.
It is important to periodically conduct antiparasitic treatment, deworming, timely vaccinate a pet, which will help prevent the occurrence of various diseases.
On average, these little hunters live 15 years, naturally, if they eat well and receive the necessary care. But the Fox Terriers have a number of hereditary diseases:
- epilepsy - pathology is almost impossible to detect in a puppy, but can be traced in its pedigree;
- Perthes syndrome - joint disease caused by circulatory disorders in the tibia head. The first symptoms appear by 4-6 months of age;
- myasthenia gravis - violation of the functions of the musculoskeletal system;
- eye diseases - more often cataracts develop;
- diabetes - develops against the background of hormonal disruptions.
In addition, among representatives of the breed, individuals often suffer from congenital deafness.
What and how to feed a pet?
The owner decides on his own to cook food for the pet from natural products or feed him industrial diets. In the first case, the dog will have to make a menu on his own, it should consist of the following components:
- meat - at least 50% of the total amount of food. It is better to choose low-fat varieties - beef, turkey, chicken, etc. But pork is not suitable for feeding dogs;
- offal - they are given only in boiled form;
- croup - porridge is boiled from rice, buckwheat, oatmeal, seasoned with vegetable oil;
- of vegetables - pumpkins, cabbage, carrots, zucchini;
- dairy products - 1-2 times a week the dog is treated with kefir, cottage cheese or yogurt;
- the eggs - It is enough for the pet to give 1-2 boiled eggs or 3-4 quail a week.
It is strictly forbidden to feed your pet with waste from your own table and junk food - pastries, sweets, sausages, smoked meats and salted foods.
If the owner has decided to choose a ready-made feed for the pet, it is better to choose premium and super-premium brands. The menu should suit active dogs of small breeds.
Fox Terrier Conditions
In areas with a temperate or warm climate, a small hunting dog can live on the street, and sometimes these dogs are also kept in the aviary. But these pets are too sociable and loving, so they can get bored without attention from the household.
More often fox terriers are purchased for living in an apartment or a private house. In the second case, the active dog has more opportunity to spend energy, walking in the courtyard of the house. But the owner should still take him to walks and platforms.
Photo of the Wire Fox Terrier
Wire Fox Terrier Video
Before a Fox Terrier puppy appears in the house, it is worth weighing the pros and cons. The future owner must decide whether he will be able to spend the lion's share of free time on the upbringing and training of a four-legged friend, prolonged walking and at least a long training?
In addition, the question arises - do you need a working dog, a companion favorite or an exhibition handsome? A puppy for hunting should be selected from the litter of parents with achievements in this field. It is advisable to look for the kid - the future champion in specialized nurseries. Such puppies are much more expensive than the rest and belong to the show class.
Cheaper is the offspring, which has small flaws that are not noticeable to the inexperienced eye, do not affect the health of the animal, but do not allow it to participate in exhibitions and breeding. The most economical option is to purchase a puppy according to an ad from random sellers, but there is no guarantee that it is purebred and has no hereditary diseases.
From private breeders you can buy a puppy with a pedigree for 12000-15000 rubles, in a kennel the price is higher - an average of 20,000-25,000 rubles, but here more often we are talking about the offspring of titled parents. From the hands of the pet will cost 5000-8000 rubles.
In Moscow, there are nurseries that specialize in breeding purebred puppies Fox:
- "Beit Martavik" //beitmartavik.narod.ru/ (wire-haired fox-terriers);
- "Nikon Fox" //nikonfoks.com/ (smooth-haired, wire-haired, toy Fox Terrier and Jack Russell Terrier).
Wire Fox Terrier is an aristocratic doggie that has excellent hunting qualities. His instincts are very pronounced, so he is not suitable as a sofa doggie and toys. If the owner is ready to deal with the dog, then he will get a better, loyal, cheerful and positive friend. Otherwise, the fox terrier becomes a headache ....