Vitamins for kittens are necessary so that they can fully develop and not suffer from violations in the formation of bones and internal organs. The cat normally feeds the cubs long enough, and for kittens, the best vitamins are found in breast milk. However, more often babies begin to be weaned from their mother and given to another house from a month old, and therefore the owners need to provide the pets with everything necessary. Even the most high-quality and balanced diet will not be able to give the growing body of a kitten all the vitamins he needs.
Why kittens may have a deficiency of vitamins
It is good when vitamins with calcium for cats during pregnancy were received by the mother in sufficient quantities, and the kitten ate her milk for up to 2 months. In this case, he will not have vitamin deficiency. But there are a number of reasons why it can arise.
The main ones are:
- early weaning - if kittens do not receive milk from the age of less than 2 months, they significantly increase the risk of vitamin deficiency;
- improper feeding - if the kitten receives food that is not suitable for him by age, or they are not of proper quality, then the body begins to suffer from a lack of vitamins and minerals;
- diseases of the stomach and intestines, leading to a violation of the absorption of nutrients;
- severe infectious lesions;
- bacterial infections;
- early use of antibiotics;
- frequent stress;
- helminthic lesions.
Even the presence of one of these factors provoking vitamin deficiency is sufficient for the occurrence of a problem, and if several of them overlap, then the risk of developing even such a problem as rickets is high.
Types of Vitamins for Kittens
All intended vitamins for kittens, whose assortment is very large, are divided into 3 groups. From which it is better to give a kitten vitamins, a veterinarian can choose in a particular case.
- Vitamin and mineral complex without additives. Such funds are available in the form of tablets, powders, capsules or drops and do not have additional components that can cause an allergy in the baby or overload his gastrointestinal tract. Due to this, they can be given to the animal during the recovery period after the disease, when any additional load can lead to a worsening of the condition.
- Vitamin Goodies. It is very simple to feed such preparations to a kitten, since he himself eagerly eats them. Additional components from the composition of the drug for the pet are very attractive, and he eats pills or pads with great desire.
- Nutritional supplements. In addition to vitamins and minerals, they also contain a number of useful biologically active components that support the health of the kitten. Such drugs are added to the animal’s food at the dosage indicated in the instructions for the specific drug. As a rule, dosing is carried out by weight.
For the prevention of health problems in a pet, it is best to use vitamins belonging to category 3. Funds from the 2nd group are conveniently used in the process of training the kitten and training it in place. They, being a treat, will be an excellent reward for him and at the same time they will only benefit to health. Vitamins of the 1st group are given as medicinal, and they are also enriched with the necessary dietary substances in kittens prone to allergies.
How does a kitten deficiency appear
If a kitten has already begun to have a deficiency of vitamins in the body, then there are clear symptoms of a health disorder. The fact that the pet's diet must be enriched with vitamins is evidenced by such changes in its condition:
- weight loss,
- general weakness
- decreased immunity,
- noticeable growth lag,
- decrease in skin elasticity,
- dull type of hair,
If a pet has noticed at least one sign of vitamin deficiency, it should be urgently shown to a veterinarian and then treated with a vitamin complex, which will be prescribed by a specialist.
To accurately determine what kind of vitamin is missing in the animal’s body, a blood test is performed. Based on its results, complex vitamin preparations or only one specific vitamin are prescribed, the lack of which arose.
What vitamins are necessary for kittens
Mandatory kitten needs vitamins listed below.
- Retinol (Vitamin A). With its lack, visual acuity decreases and metabolic processes in the skin are disturbed. It becomes dry and begins to peel off. The hair of kittens becomes bad.
- Vitamin D. Without it, the full formation of bones is impossible, which is why kittens have problems with the skeleton. Even a slight deficiency becomes the cause of serious rickets.
- Vitamin E. With its shortage, the formation of the pet's reproductive system and the hormonal background in his body are disrupted. It is equally necessary for young and adult cats.
- Vitamin K. Without it, it is impossible to maintain the health of the circulatory system of the animal. He is involved in blood formation, and when it is deficient, kittens begin to suffer from various anemia.
- Vitamin B. Group Without vitamins of this group, metabolic processes in the kitten’s body are disturbed, tissue respiration worsens, depression and vascular and heart diseases develop. Lack of B vitamins in the body causes very serious disorders, which, if the problem is not immediately noticed, can be irreversible and fatal for the pet.
From the first day a kitten stays in the house, it is necessary to provide him with the necessary vitamins and minerals.
To enrich the diet of kittens, it is best to use phyto-Calcevite, Wolmar Winsome, Omega and Beafar Kitten, since it is only necessary to choose vitamins and supplements for kittens.
Getting a kitten, you should immediately arrange for him a complete and proper diet, which will include all the necessary vitamins. If you have the opportunity to stay longer for the baby with the cat and eat natural mother’s milk, you need to use this, no matter how much you would like to see him in your house as soon as possible.