A kitten is a fragile creature whose immunity has not yet fully formed. His body is not able to properly cope with viruses, so vaccination of a small pet needs to be given a special place. First of all, it is worth paying attention to what vaccinations kittens are given and by what rules vaccination takes place.
Vaccinations for kittens
A kitten needs to be vaccinated so that his body can create sustainable protection against underlying diseases. At the same time, there are vaccinations that are mandatory. Other owner of the animal can do as desired or necessary. The necessary vaccinations for kittens, which can not be avoided when mating animals, traveling with them, visiting exhibitions and just with the daily maintenance of the pet, correspond to such a list:
- A comprehensive vaccination against three main diseases - panleukopenia, calcivirosis, rhinotracheitis. Vaccination occurs in two stages. The kitten is given the first vaccination at 2.5 months. Revaccination with the same vaccine is prescribed after 2 weeks. Subsequent injections are administered annually following the rule of the same time. Most often, Russian clinics prefer drugs such as Multifel-4, Leukurifelin and Vitafelvak.
- Vaccination against rabies. This vaccination is sufficient to be done once, followed by a repeat every year. For the first time, it is used separately from other vaccines. Then it can be entered simultaneously with them. Some clinics offer free vaccination with domestic drugs. If we talk about paid medicines, then Nobivak Rabies is preferred.
If we talk about optional vaccinations, then they include:
- Vaccine against trichophytosis and microsporia. It is used a month after the kittens are vaccinated against rabies, followed by annual revaccination. Wakderm and Triviak are administered most often.
- Chlamydia vaccine. It is used in conjunction with complex vaccinations, but it is not necessary to do it. Immunity to the virus is developed after the administration of Vitafelvac, ChlamyCon and other vaccines.
The owner has the right to choose which production to vaccinate the kitten. Their main difference is the cost price. The components of complex vaccinations are the same.
Names and descriptions of kitten vaccines
Each vaccine, despite its almost identical composition, has its own characteristics. Let's consider some of them:
- "Nobivak Triquet". Dry type vaccine combined action. Designed to trigger the mechanism of antibody production against panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis, calicivirus infection. Enter it under the skin or inside the vein no later than the moment the kitten turns 12 weeks old. Vaccination does not cause side effects and allergic reactions.
- Leukurifelin. Rabies vaccine. The medicine is divided into liquid and dry parts, which are combined immediately before administration. Due to this, the effectiveness of the solution increases.
- "Quadric". The drug, which can replace "Leukorifelin." He is introduced to the kitten at the age of three months.
- Felovax-4. Vaccination has a short-term effect. Persistent immunity against rabies is not formed. The drug is designed for 1 year, so after this period it must be used again.
- "Felocel CVR". The vaccine is a new generation of living type. The first vaccine is given in 3 months. The subsequent vaccination schedule may vary. This can be two more vaccinations with intervals between them of 2 weeks, or one after a month, and the other at one year of age.
Before any vaccine, the kitten must undergo some training. Only in this case he will undergo vaccination without consequences.
Features and procedure for vaccinating a kitten
Before vaccinating a kitten, preparatory measures should be taken. In doing so, such factors are taken into account.:
- The kitten must be completely healthy.
- The pet should not communicate with the sick animals before vaccination.
- If any operation was planned, it cannot be done the next 25 days after vaccination.
- If the operation has already been done, you need to postpone the vaccination itself for a period of about a month.
- In the case of animals receiving antibiotics, vaccination is carried out only 2 weeks after they stopped giving them.
- For the period of the change of teeth in a kitten, the vaccination should be postponed.
- It is necessary to monitor the expiration date of the vaccine. If it has expired, the medicine must be disposed of.
- Vaccination is contraindicated in animals under 8 weeks of age.
- The kitten should not be stressed. He should not be afraid, scream and break out during the procedure.
Like adults, kittens should be paraphysitized and rid of parasites before vaccination.
Dehelmization of a kitten before vaccination
Anthelmintic kitten in two stages with intervals between procedures in 2 weeks. When giving him the medicine, the main thing is to observe the dose and take into account age characteristics. So, if the kitten is only 3 weeks old, “Kanikvatel” and “Febtal” are used as anthelmintic. Milbemax is given to an animal only from 6 weeks of age.
Drops at the withers are very popular, which are used for kittens that are already 5 weeks old ("Profender"). Their difference from the substances used internally is that there is no need for repeated deworming. This is due to a residual phenomenon lasting about a month. It is possible to vaccinate a kitten 1.5 weeks after it has been swallowed.
Kitten vaccination schedule
Kittens are given the first vaccination at the age of 9 to 12 weeks. By that time, antibodies received from the mother are already partially eliminated from the body. If the animal was born from an unvaccinated cat, then vaccination can be done earlier. In this case, the kitten must be at least 6 weeks old. You also need to pay attention to the general condition of the kitten. If he is too sluggish, painful, or born small, vaccination should be delayed.
Knowing what vaccine is and when is not enough. It is necessary to follow the vaccination schedule so that the cat tolerates this procedure more easily. The vaccination schedule should be consistent with this sequence:
- From 2 to 2.5 months - the first vaccine of complex action.
- After 3 weeks - revaccination (repeated administration of a complex vaccine, to which the rabies vaccine is added).
- One year later. Revaccination (complex vaccine in combination with rabies medicine).
In contrast to cases with an adult, after revaccination, the kitten must remain in quarantine for a month. However, he should not meet with other animals or their owners. In walks, it should also be limited. Visits to the veterinarian should be postponed for some time.
Features of rabies vaccines
Rabies is a disease that is transmitted to an animal by direct contact with an infectious agent carrier. Therefore, if your pet does not go outside or in no way can meet other animals, he will not get sick.
A kitten should be vaccinated against rabies when he begins to communicate with other pets. Most often this is the age of 3 months. If contact with extraneous animals is limited, vaccination can be delayed. Then you can put the vaccine when the cat is 8 months old. Then it will be necessary to carry out a repeated procedure annually.
The rabies vaccine is highly effective. Therefore, after its introduction, the behavior and well-being of the animal may change. The pet can be lethargic, drowsy, which is associated with an increase in body temperature. This condition can last from several hours to a whole day. Since the rabies virus in the vaccine is quite active, it can affect the health of the kitten. Therefore, if possible, it is better to do this vaccine at a later age.
Regardless of what vaccination you decide to give the kitten, it will help establish immunity against common cat diseases. How the animal responds to the vaccine depends on how responsibly you approach the preparation for the vaccine. Do not forget to bring your pet for examination by a veterinarian before vaccinating him and following the vaccination schedule. Then your kitten will be protected from the development of an infection in the body.