A disease called lichen has been known to mankind since ancient times. Often, domestic cats suffer from it, from which the hosts can become infected. We’ll tell you what happens in a person’s cat deprivation.
Under this term several different diseases are combined. They are caused by different pathogens, the course of the disease has its own differences. Similar to these diseases are such symptoms of depriving a cat from a person as hair loss from some areas with the formation of colored spots. The skin in these areas is peeling.
There are several types of lichen in cats:
- red flat;
Of these, ringworm can be a particular danger to humans. The pityriasis and pink species can also be transmitted and treatment requires depriving a person of a cat.
Sources of infection
In humans, cat lichen can appear not only from a sick cat. An outwardly healthy pet can be a carrier of pathogen spores. Such a cat can infect the owners, but not to get sick.
Disputes can also get into the house from the street with dust on the soles of a person’s shoes.
It is important to identify the source of infection of the animal. If a cat walks outside, there is a risk of infection from stray cats. Spores of the fungus can safely be on the pet's coat for up to two years. They will provoke the development of symptoms of the disease only when they are in favorable conditions. And even after infection, the disease can proceed secretly for up to several weeks. External symptoms will appear later. Especially dangerous is lichen from a cat in a child.
If a cat develops symptoms, or even suspects, the animal must be isolated. In the past, sick cats were mostly euthanized.. Now there is a sufficient number of effective drugs for a quick cure.
Pay attention to the pet
A man must be attentive to his furry favorites. It is important to notice the symptoms of the disease in the cat in time and begin timely treatment. This will allow not only to take care of the pet’s health, but also to avoid the risk of human infection. Pay attention to the following symptoms of skin lesions:
- the appearance on the body of the pet of bald patches - patches of skin without hair or with hairs broken off at a distance of 2-3 mm from the skin surface;
- the bare surface of these areas is covered with scales, dandruff, pustules;
- bald spots tend to increase, merge into a single large focus;
- the animal is more intense than usual, itches, licks;
- pet's hair is collected by "icicles";
- the cat behaves uneasily, refuses habitual occupations, food, food.
Symptoms of the disease in humans
The immunity of an adult healthy person is able to fully resist infection or fight the disease. The disease is especially dangerous for people with weakened immunity. The risk group includes small children, the elderlysick with immunodeficiency diseases. Additional risk factors for humans are vitamin deficiency, unbalanced nutrition, stress, pregnancy. Before proceeding with the treatment of lichen, one should find out what various manifestations in a person have its different types:
Ringworm © shutterstock
Ringworm. The definition of ringworm includes two diseases: microsporia and trichophytosis. The causative agent is fungi of the genus Trichophyton and the localization area in humans is most often the head, neck, shoulders, and nail plates of the legs. Sometimes lichen moves on the face;
Ringworm is expressed by the appearance of pink-red spots of a round shape. The hairline is either completely absent, or the hairs are broken off and covered with gray greasy plaque. The fungus infects the hair follicle.
The surface of the skin in the affected areas is first covered with bubbles, then begins to peel off. Often, the spot is bordered by a more brightly colored strip, groove.
Ringworm often affects children and adolescents. The disease is seasonal.
Often children suffer from ringworm in an infiltrative-inflammatory form. It is expressed in the appearance of purulent inflammation on the skin. The foci of inflammation oozing pus, painful. Damage to the nail plates occurs most often from other infected areas, when combing itchy wounds.
This cat's lichen in humans is treated with antifungal drugs, the prognosis is favorable;
Pityriasis. The causative agent of the disease is the yeast fungus Malassezia Furfur. The main location of the manifestations of the disease is the chest, back, armpits.
It begins with the appearance of brown spots, which grow to clearly defined rounded spots. Spots tend to merge into a single center with a scalloped edge. The surface of the lesion is rough, rough.
The disease affects children and the elderly, most often males. The disease is considered conditionally contagious to humans. So for the development of the disease, the presence of a provoking factor is necessary. An additional factor that increases the risks of infection is:
- hot and humid climate;
- hormonal changes (puberty, pregnancy, hormonal drugs);
- weakened immunity;
- chronic diseases.
For treatment, fungicidal and keratolytic drugs are needed. Strict observance of personal hygiene measures is required, especially if all family members are deprived of it;
Pink (lichen giber). The causes of its occurrence in humans are not exactly established. Presumably the disease is viral in nature, therefore contagious. The disease is seasonal. It develops against the background of a weakened immune system in the cold period. It is localized on the skin of the back, chest, shoulders.
The onset of the disease is characterized by a symptom such as the appearance of a single large spot, a bright pink color, with signs of peeling. This is followed by the appearance of a large number of smaller spots, with a pronounced border of pink.
No specific treatment is required. The disease, like any virus, is accompanied by fever, fever, chills, which disappears after the disappearance of signs of feline lichen.
A significant role in the treatment is given to fortifying drugs. Symptomatic treatment is prescribed in the presence of itching, hyperthermia.
Infection Prevention Recommendations
If a fluffy pet lives in your home, you should follow simple daily measures to prevent infection with lichen. Wash your hands thoroughly after any interaction with the cat. Toys, a cat litter, bowls for food and drink also need regular sanitation. Limit cat contacts with street animals. Be sure to vaccinate animals, provide them with a balanced diet. Water intake should also be sufficient.
Check your pets regularly for timely symptoms. If the pet is still ill, it is necessary to isolate it and conduct treatment. Handle antiseptics thoroughly with your hands, scissors, and all treatment accessories. For an accurate diagnosis, be sure to contact a qualified specialist.
It is necessary to systematically examine people living with a cat for identification of lichen. Ill people, especially a child with lichen, need complex treatment.