Many owners have faced a situation where sores appear on the skin of a cat. What to do and how to treat it? The animal suffers and combes the affected areas. Most often, the disease affects the neck and ears. Only a veterinarian can determine what is wrong with a cat. You can help a specialist and record all the symptoms and behavior of the pet.
Causes of sores on the skin of kittens
Sores on the skin of a kitten may be the result of dermatitis or a number of other ailments. They can be of various shapes and appearance. Basically, itching is always present and the pet combs the affected areas of the body on the skin.
The main reasons for which there are foci that affect the skin can be:
- Improper nutrition of a kitten;
- Hereditary predisposition;
- Allergic reaction;
- Parasites (ticks, fleas, worms);
- Weakened immunity.
From the above reasons, it becomes clear that any animal can get skin infections. There are many reasons for this. However, it is not enough to find out that the cat is really sick, it is necessary to determine what exactly. Only then can the treatment be effective and not aggravate the condition of the pet.
For which specific diseases an unhealthy skin is characteristic, we will consider in detail.
Parasites in cats
Most often, the cause of sores are precisely parasites. They choose the softest and warmest places on the cat's body. For example, the neck or area under the legs of an animal. Such parasites can be fleas and ticks. However, basically they do not cause the ailment themselves, but the components of their life. Saliva, getting under the skin of a pet, triggers an allergic reaction mechanism. The cat feels itchy and combes the bite. Further, bacteria enter the wounds and the already complicated course of the disease begins.
The owner of the animal must first pay attention to the restless behavior of his pet.
Carefully inspect the skin and if fleas or ticks are found, conduct treatment for parasites. In any case, you must contact a veterinary clinic. To make sure that the body’s reaction was indeed to parasites.
If the cat itches, and the owner does not find fleas, then the tick may be the reason. Subcutaneous parasites can only be detected by a veterinarian. After making certain tests, the doctor makes a diagnosis and prescribes treatment. Most often, the cat is given injections of Ivermek. Three intramuscular injections with a ten-day periodicity are required.
It happens that there is no way to visit the veterinarian, and the cat combes itself. In this case, you should try to purchase the same medicine, but in the form of a gel and smear the animal.
Allergic reaction in cats
The cat has sores on the skin, what could it be? Remember, maybe you changed the feed or the animal has recently been seriously ill? Even buying a new vitamin complex can cause an allergic skin reaction.. The diagnosis is very inaccurate, allergies can only be determined by a veterinarian, using tests for groups of allergens, and a visual examination of the animal.
However, an allergy to food is not the only option, but one of many. The pet may react to dust or hygiene products.
Even regular laundry detergent can be an allergen.
To find out why sores are formed, you can use the allergen test. The way it looks can be easily viewed on a photo on the Internet. When the group to which the cat has a reaction is revealed, it will be necessary to protect him from this type of exposure. Otherwise, the pet will have to constantly sit on the medicine.
Dermatitis in cats
There are many types of dermatitis. Some of them occur without exacerbations, others can even lead to death. If a cat has sores all over his body and is accompanied by hair loss, then most likely it is lichen. The disease is dangerous not only for kittens and cats, but also for people. Therefore urgently to the veterinarian. Upon confirmation of the diagnosis, the cat will be prescribed treatment with ointments and special shampoos.
There is also bacterial dermatitis. If the pet is infected, then purulent sores are observed on the head of the cat and throughout the body. At risk are animals with weak immunity, mainly kittens up to a year. The treatment prescribed by the veterinarian is basically a course of antibiotics.
Diagnosis and treatment of skin sores in kittens and cats
When you see a doctor, you should prepare. The veterinarian will certainly ask how long ago sores on the skin appeared, whether there were improvements, whether they have a seasonal predisposition. Having received answers to these questions, an experienced specialist will conduct tests and analyzes:
- UV examination;
- Blood test;
- Smears and scrapes;
After receiving the results, it will be possible to judge the causes of the appearance and draw up a treatment for sore cats. In most cases, the cat is transferred to a hypoallergenic diet. They increase the pet's immunity and prescribe vitamin complexes. This is especially true in the treatment of antibiotics. Because, as an already weakened body is exposed to a strong effect of the drug.
If all these measures lead to the fact that the symptoms of sores in the kitten begin to pass, then the treatment is prescribed correctly. All that remains is to continue the selected therapy.
However, it happens that treatment can aggravate the condition of the pet. The cat may have blood sores and the general condition will worsen significantly. The cause may be an allergy to drugs. In this case, the appointment is urgently changed and new drugs are carefully administered. The cat is constantly monitored and, if there is no negative reaction, continue treatment of the underlying disease.
Itching with sores in cats
Many owners are primarily trying to relieve itching in the pet. If the symptoms are removed, the animal will stop combing the sores and they will begin to heal. The skin will begin to take on a healthy appearance. But such a method is fundamentally wrong. Relieving symptoms is not a cure.
As soon as the owner stops giving medications, the itch not only returns, but also intensifies. A neglected form of the disease can go from local to general and affect the whole body and skin of a cat.
For example, if there were several sores on the neck, then they can spread over the entire surface of the skin. In this case, the animal may die.
Be sure to consult a specialist, do not self-medicate your pet. Timely and proper treatment will help the kitten live happily ever after, to the delight of you. Do not forget about the prevention of parasites and annual vaccination. Feed your pet correctly and pay due attention. Check your skin and coat daily. Indeed, animals are subject to stress as well as people.