Bakhmul is a hunting greyhound, which is a species of the native Afghan hound, the most beloved and valuable breed in the homeland. Bakhmul is a stately, elegant dog with beautiful long fawn hair. It has pronounced hunting qualities and the correct physiological composition, which allow it to show good results in the work. The character is pleasant, typical of a greyhound, the psyche is strong. It requires regular but easy maintenance.
Punjab is the ancestral home of the Bakkhmule, Afghanistan is the second homeland. In the mountain ranges of Central and Central Asia, aboriginal greyhounds formed under high altitude conditions and were used for hunting goats, rams, foxes, wolves, and wild cats. Today, dogs of the bakhmule type are very rare in the border zone of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Their main qualities: a silky-velvet long coat and the ability to hunt a mountain beast. Due to political and economic circumstances, tribal work in Afghanistan is not currently underway. They managed to keep the native Afghan hounds in Russia, where imported dogs have been breeding since the 70s of the 20th century. In the middle lane of Europe with them go on hares, foxes and wolves.
The breed got its name for silky hair. The word "bakhmul" in translation from dari means "velvet".
At the end of the 70s of the 20th century, the Soviet military brought greyhounds with pedigrees from Afghanistan. These dogs laid the foundation for the line of Afghan Aboriginal Greyhounds of the Military Cynological Society and Dynamo. In 1985, a standard was developed and approved for the breed Aboriginal Afghan Hound. At the same time, in the club "Blue Valley El Bark" there was a systematic breeding of native Afghan hounds in the type of bakhmule with fixing of exterior and working qualities (free animal test). The founder of the line was a male named Rad-o-Bark (Thunder and Lightning). The standard for the Bakhmul breed was adopted in 1997.
Thus, bakhmul is a Russian greyhound factory line from Afghanistan. Calling it an indigenous Afghan breed would be inappropriate.
Hunting with bahmuli
In the historical homeland of bakhmul, greyhounds are used for hunting argali, mountain goats, wild cats, a wolf and a smaller animal (hare, fox, rabbit). Several dogs are accompanied by riders. Seeing the beast, they let the lightest and fastest dogs on it, which catch up and surround the prey, but do not touch it. The driven greyhounds wait for the leader - a powerful and fearless cable, he comes up and takes the beast in place, or holds it until the hunter arrives.
Jumping ability and maneuverability allowed Afghan hounds to move relatively safely along rocks and crevices.
Bakkhmul perfectly adapted to work in central Russia. Used for hunting foxes, hares, in some regions for ungulates. Moves on solid soil and crust without problems. It is more difficult for him on the ground blurred by rain and snow with a depth of more than 20 cm. They hunt with a bakhmul at a temperature of -15 ° С. Catching the prey, he sits and waits for the owner. Works in pairs, alone or in a small pack. Easily takes a hare from 70 m.
Bakkhmul always hunts for the owner, so the attitude towards the captured beast is calm. If the dogs ate their prey, they were excluded from breeding.
When approaching the beast, the bakhmul often growls frighteningly or even barks. Thus, he shows his desire for victory and rigidity of intentions. He has very good speed and maneuverability, endurance, viscosity and excitement are inexhaustible. Bakkhmul is so keen on hunting that he can continue to pursue a hare even in the forest.
Bakhmul is a harmoniously folded, rather large greyhound, high-leaning, muscular with a proud bearing and velvet wool of light yellow color. Stretch Index 103-105. Sexual dimorphism is pronounced.
- Height at the withers of males - 68-73 cm.;
- Height at the withers of bitches - 65-70 cm.
The head is elongated, the skull is not very narrow with a pronounced occipital protuberance, eyebrows and a hollow between the eyes. Stop smooth. The forceps are full, straight or with a slight hump. The jaws are strong, well developed. The dental formula is complete, scissor bite. The eyes are dark. The pigmentation of the nose and lips is dark. Ears are long, hanging, set at the level of the upper corner of the eyes or slightly higher. Almond-shaped eyes with an oblique incision. The lobe is large, black with wide nostrils. The neck is muscular, strong, long, with a bend passes to the shoulders.
The chest is deep, wide, tapering to the bottom. Withers pronounced, powerful. The height at the withers is 3-4 cm higher than the lower back. The back is strong, wide with a slight cross-track. The stomach is picked up without detonation. The forelimbs are dry, straight, parallel, muscular. Rear with long levers and well-developed angles. The paws are oval, the phalanges are long, compressed in a lump. Claws are directed to the ground. The tail is set and raised high, held in a ring or half ring, tapering to the tip.
The bakhmul's canine is straight, thin, silky, long, almost throughout the dog’s body. Short on the front of the chest, neck, muzzle, on the forehead and back, where it forms the so-called "saddle". Colors:
- Fawn sneaky. On the muzzle, flanks, chest, abdomen and limbs it turns into a lighter shade (whitish or white);
The “saddle” is always a darker color (fawn or gray).
Nature and behavior
A strong, balanced psyche and calm disposition are characteristic of bakhmuley. These are cheerful, watchful dogs with pronounced leadership qualities, good watchmen, which is not typical for greyhounds. In everyday life, calm, friendly to people. Very clean and absolutely unobtrusive, but at the same time exclusively attached to all members of the family and home. The protection of the property and the owner is not typical for a greyhound, however, there were cases when a bakhmul stood up for protection.
In the field, the bakhmul is quick and agile, possesses incredible maneuverability and jumping ability, good eyesight and instinct. At home, he is a laid-back lounger and a lover of comfort. Bakkhmul puppies need very early socialization and regular walks. Much of this depends on how balanced and healthy they grow. The owner will have to devote a lot of time to education. Typical service training is not suitable for this breed. Bakhmul is endowed with natural ingenuity and an extraordinary mind. This is an independent dog in judgments and behavior, which will never be a slave, only an equal friend and companion.
With appropriate upbringing, they get along well with other domestic animals, do not touch cattle and poultry. Protects its territory from extraneous dogs In work and everyday life, bakhmul is a real aristocrat with a pronounced sense of dignity. He appreciates freedom and independence, but most of all - competition with the beast in the process of hunting.
Bakkhmul will not give up home comfort, but his best option would be to keep him in a spacious enclosure with an insulated booth or in a separate room with free access to the courtyard. Bakhmulei wool without undercoat, but it is able to protect the dog from heat and cold, has no specific smell.
With bakhmuli it is necessary to regularly go to the fields so that they can maintain working form. A mechanical hare cannot always replace free running. In addition, smart greyhounds do not always agree to run for a rag, or perform a task without interest. On days free from hunting, you should walk the bakhmul without a leash away from the roads, preferably in the field.
Bakhmul restricts himself in food, and therefore is not inclined to fullness. Eats about 0.5 kg of food per day. Traditionally in Afghanistan, dogs were fed lean lamb on bones and wheat bread with milk. Today, many owners prefer ready-made dry food.
Long bakhmul hair does not require complicated care. It is enough to comb it periodically, always after walking in the field. They bathe as needed, usually every 2-3 months. Be sure to monitor the length of the claws, the purity of the ears, eyes and teeth.
Health and Life Expectancy
Bakhmuli healthy, strong and hardy dogs. Under good conditions, proper nutrition and timely veterinary and preventive measures practically do not get sick. Life expectancy is 12-14 years.
Where to buy a puppy
In contrast to the decorative Afghan hound, natives and their descendants in Russia can be counted on the fingers. If you want to buy a cheek of bakhmul, it is better to ask for help at the club "Blue Valley El Bark", whose president is Gerasyova Natalya Pavlovna, expert canine expert on eastern greyhounds.
Photos and videos
In the gallery you can see more photos of representatives of the breed Bakhmul. As can be seen in the pictures, all the dogs are light in color, with beautiful long hair, handsome and elegant. In the second photo, the founder of the breed Bakhmul - Rad-o-Bark at the age of 15 years.