Breton epanyol, or Breton epanyol - Continental Pointing Dog, bred in France. The most common hunting breed in the homeland. The smallest among the dogs, but at the same time not inferior to others in terms of working qualities. He has a complaisant friendly disposition and an outstanding mind.
Epaniol Breton originally from France, the province of Brittany. At home, this is one of the most popular hunting dogs and probably one of the oldest. Mention of dogs of this type dates back to the 15th century. Since the 17th century, Bretons are depicted on tapestries and paintings quite recognizable.
According to one version, the word "epagnol" is Spanish and indicates a relationship with Spanish bird dogs. According to another, it came from the verb s'espaignir, which means "stretch, lie down" and characterizes the style of work.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Breton exterior and working qualities were improved. This was achieved by targeted selection and selection of the best representatives. According to some reports, springer spaniels and English setters were infused with epanyols. The first standard was drawn up in 1907. The Breton Epanyol (French Épagneul breton) was recognized by the International Cynological Association in 1954.
Breton epanyols are very passionate and hardy cops with a firm, long-lasting stance, accurate serving and fast, wide (150-200 m.) Search using the upper flair. Good character and ability to work in any conditions in all seasons brought these dogs popularity. Bretons are well oriented in the area, have good search qualities, keen instinct and quick reaction. After work, they quickly recover.
The motto of the National Club of the Epaniol Breton breed of France is "Maximum quality with minimum volume."
Epaniol Breton can work in any area, including mountain and rocky. The manner of working in the field is somewhat reminiscent of the work of a setter. In tall grass, a breton, like a hare, periodically jumps up, so the hunter does not lose sight of it. To work in a dense undergrowth, a dog is hung up with a bell; if it has calmed down, then a Breton is standing. On the hunt often gets injuries and abrasions, but in excitement does not notice them. In addition, he has an unusual move. At constant speed, the dog seems to jump like a spring, while its body forms a solid ball. From the side of Breton can be compared with a wheel that spins on a flat road.
Epaniol Breton is the smallest of the cops, his silhouette fits perfectly into the square, but at the same time it is very harmonious with smooth lines. The constitution is strong. Sexual dimorphism is moderate.
- Height at the withers of males - 47-52 cm.; weight - 14-18 kg.
- Height at the withers of females - 46-51 cm.; weight - 14-18 kg.
The head is proportional, embossed, dry. The skull is slightly rounded. The muzzle is straight, the lateral surfaces are almost parallel. The lobe is large, the color corresponds to the color. Jaws strong, scissor bite. The lips are well defined, not very large, relatively thin, tightly compressed, in some places the lower lip is covered with the upper one. The eyes are slanted with a soft, frank and intelligent expression, oval in shape, iris color. Ears are set high, hanging, triangular in shape, mobile. The neck is cone-shaped, of medium length, without a chest.
The case is square format, strong, but at the same time well balanced and elegant. The back is straight. The loin is wide and short. The croup is straight, strong, flowing smoothly into the tail. The tail is short, set high, lowered or extended horizontally. The limbs are well balanced with flexible and strong joints. Paws are round, well assembled.
Epaniol Breton can be born without a tail or with a short tail. In countries where this is not prohibited, the tail can be stopped, then its length is 3-6 cm, but not more than 10 cm.
The skin is thin, well pigmented. The coat is thin, adheres to the body, slightly wavy. On the front of the limbs, the head is short, on the back of the limbs there are tows. No undercoat. Colors:
- White black;
- White brown;
- Tri-color (white-red-black).
Nature and behavior
Breton Epaniola has a balanced, friendly character, pronounced hunting habits and good learning abilities. He is strongly attached to the owner and other family members, contact and flexible.
Breton is a cheerful and intelligent dog that skillfully takes advantage of the owner’s weaknesses and does not cease to amaze with its resourcefulness. Not a single owner has ever complained that his dog is stupid. And this applies not only to the reviews of the owners, but also to trainers. Breton has a strong enough, solid disposition. He can be stubborn.
Epaniol Breton is a true companion, he greatly appreciates the society of people, will participate in children's games and share any passion of the owner, but his main passion will always be hunting. Needs a host who will devote time daily to talking with the dog. He calmly suffers moderate loneliness. It gets along well with other pets if it has been well socialized.
Parenting and training
Epaniol Breton is an early maturing dog. Already at 6-7 months, he can show good results in trials and get the first working diplomas. Training should begin very early. At a young age, it is important to decisively, but without rudeness, stop any attempts at disobedience.
Owners should remember that Breton epanyol is very emotional. Training is best done in a gentle manner using the positive reinforcement method.
In the character of the breton epanyol there is autonomy and independence. With proper education, he is very obedient and owner-oriented, but obeys only if he wants, and throughout his life he will periodically check who the owner is.
Epaniol Breton can work in almost any climate, but it cannot live in an aviary year-round. He does not have an underwear that would protect him from severe frosts. In addition, the cop needs close contact with the person. The whole point of her life is to satisfy the owner’s wishes, to contact him closely and to hunt together. Breton's coat sheds moderately in the off-season, the rest of the time it is weak and even wet almost does not smell.
Epaniol Breton is an intelligent and quick-witted dog that can very well adapt to live in the city if it gets enough to exercise. It includes long daily walks with regular outings. At the same time, Epanjol appreciates comfort very much and will enjoy basking in the master's chair with pleasure in his free time. If the dog lives in the yard, from time to time it can bring different surprises such as a neighbor's cat or mouse, or it can run away from the yard, carried away by the smell.
The breton's epanol coat has no undercoat, so it requires minimal care. Grooming comes down to standard procedures:
- Combing the hair 1-2 times a week, special attention is paid to combing, on which most often worms are formed and plant seeds become tangled;
- Bathe as necessary, once a month or less;
- Inspect and clean the auricle weekly. They make sure that after bathing it is dry;
- Claws normally grind on their own, otherwise they are regularly sheared to prevent the paws from "opening";
- Brushing your teeth weekly is recommended.
Health and Life Expectancy
Epanjol Breton, as a rule, is a healthy, hardy dog, which remains functional until 11-12 years old. Every fifth dog dies of old age at the age of 14-15 years. The list of hereditary diseases characteristic of the breed includes:
- Hip dysplasia;
Working dogs often get various kinds of injuries. In old age, the development of any senile ailments, including neoplasms, is possible. Life expectancy is 12-14 years.
Where to buy a Breedon Apaniol dog
In 2010, about 15 Breton breeds were registered in Russia, but since then the number of dogs has increased significantly, the first kennels that professionally breed high-class working dogs began to appear, the National Club of the breed was registered. If we talk about abroad, then a very good livestock is in France, Italy, Canada.
When choosing a puppy, it is very important to make sure that he was properly socialized and raised in good conditions, eats in accordance with his age, looks perfectly healthy, and has the right psyche. The issue of gender is rather individual and bitches, and males work equally well, the pedigree of the dog is more important.
In Russia, the price range is very extensive. A puppy of Breton epanyol costs from 15,000 to 50,000 rubles. rarely expensive. Private breeders usually sell kids no more than 15,000 rubles. Puppies cheaper often do not have documents proving their origin. From 35 000 rubles they ask in nurseries for a puppy of good blood with prospects.
Photos and videos
Photos of dogs of Breton epagnol breed can be viewed in the gallery. In the pictures, representatives of the breed of different sex, age and color.