The Pekingese breed has been known to mankind for more than 2 thousand years. The first data on this breed of fluffy dogs dates from the 5th century BC. The country of origin of the Pekingese is China, where they were considered a real royal breed, and their masters were Chinese monarchs. Dogs came to Europe during the Great Britain war with China.
There are many speculations and even legends about the origin of the Pekingese dog breed. So, one of these tales suggests that this breed of dog came from the "love" of a lion and a monkey.
The legend says of a Buddhist hermit who went to seek the truth of life in impenetrable forests, where he gradually learned the language of birds and animals. One day a lion came to the hermit and shared his grief with him. Leo was madly in love with a monkey, which because of the difference in height and size in every possible way rejected his courtship. The king of beasts asked a follower of Buddha to make him growth with a monkey in order to reunite with his beloved. The hermit fulfilled the request of the lion, while preserving him at the same time a brave lion heart.
Pekingese dogs are small breeds. Its height at the withers is approximately 15-25 cm, the weight of the average representative is not more than 5 kg. Animals have a fairly large head, the width of which is greater than its height. The muzzle of the Pekingese is quite flat, and the eyes are large and slightly convex. These dogs are characterized by strong and short limbs, with the hind legs slightly longer than the front ones.
Pekingese have a chic long coat with two layers. At the same time around the neck, the "coat" is thicker than everywhere. The color of the Pekingese can be the most diverse. It can be either one-color or spotty, and can also vary from black or red to white. Most often, the Pekingese on the face and around the eyes, the hair is exactly black, regardless of the overall color.
Care and maintenance
It is worth noting that the Pekingese require a lot of attention from their master. The most proper care for these Chinese dogs implies:
- regular bathing;
- thorough and regular combing of a fur coat
- cleaning of ears and eyes;
- clipping of claws.
It is believed that the eyes of the Pekingese are their vulnerability. They are practically not protected by wool, and therefore can be very dirty, and sometimes even inflamed. That is why Pekingese eye care should be thorough and careful. To disinfect the area around the eye, you can use a weak manganese solution. The long coat of the Pekingese needs special care. If you do not carry out sanitary procedures, then after a week, large mats can form. During molting, excess hair must be removed with a damp sponge.
Bathing should be carried out using special shampoos for long-haired dogs no more than 1-2 times a year. It is not contraindicated to use "dry bathing", which involves the use of talcum powder with its subsequent combing. Combing the hair on the animal’s body can be done using a massage brush, but the ears should be looked after using a comb with rare, non-sharp teeth.
Healthy ears should not be cleaned too often. For cleaning, special means are used, but you can limit yourself to ordinary hydrogen peroxide, having prepared a weak solution from it.
Pekingese can not stand the heat, and therefore you need to often walk with them in the fresh air. It would also be nice to sometimes moisten the pet's rug, and rinse the feet in cool water. In the summer, the dog can be trimmed a little to make it easier to bear the summer heat. A short haircut will also help to avoid the formation of tangles, and also save the dog from overheating.
These furry creatures are characterized by stubbornness and extraordinary self-esteem. Dogs are fussy and unobtrusive, they have a good command of the situation. Such a pet will always feel the mood of its owner.
So, if you are determined to play with him, then he will be perky and cheerful. If you prefer a little rest, the Pekingese will definitely see this, and will not interfere even for several hours.
It is funny that the Pekingese are characterized by reckless courage in relation to other (even very large) dogs. They are very jealous of other pets. Pekingese can not stand rudeness and scream. They need a lot of attention and affection from their master. Despite all this, the Pekingese are suitable not only for experienced dog breeders, but also for beginners, as well as older people.
A puppy of this breed is recommended to be fed up to 6 times a day. In the diet of a small pet, there must necessarily be a variety of cereals, for example, from oatmeal, rice or buckwheat. It is better to refuse milk. The stomach of these shagmatics is better absorbed by cottage cheese and various fermented milk products.
A six-month-old puppy can be fed no more than 2 times a day. At 6 months, the puppy turns into an almost adult dog, the diet of which is quite wide. However, the owner needs to remember that regardless of the type of food, it must be balanced. At this time, you can start feeding your pet beef and chicken, as well as boneless boiled fish. An excellent food option for Pekingese is porridge with meat.
Pekingese are considered almost the only dogs that love fruits and vegetables. They gladly eat them not only in boiled form, but also in raw. Vegetables and fruits perfectly diversify the pet's diet with vitamins, and also contribute to the good work of its intestines.
The following products are contraindicated to representatives of this breed:
- salty foods;
- fatty meats (pork or lamb), as well as bones;
- sausages, sausages and smoked meats.
To obtain “healthy” fats, a small amount of vegetable or butter can be added to the Pekingese diet, for example, in porridge.
So that in the future mating of the Pekingese does not become problematic, special attention must be paid to certain aspects when raising a puppy.
Raising and properly raising a good pedigree dog is not at all easy, as it seems at first glance. If he doesn’t react to a flowing bitch for reasons incomprehensible, he will not be able to drive him with her in any way. In a female Pekingese specimen, such situations do not arise: choosing the right day for mating, you can watch how she calmly and naturally lets the male come to her. Their estrus lasts from 20 to 23 days, and the suitable period for mating is even shorter, the male is unlikely to have time to tune in to intercourse if he has not shown activity from the very beginning - in this regard, he must be educated from puppy age correctly.
Recommendations of experienced dog breeders in this area of education are as follows:
As you probably have seen more than once, a 2-3 month old puppy is already trying to do and does cages. He acts unconsciously, he is controlled by instincts laid down by nature, so to shame, scold and try to wean him from an allegedly “bad” habit is useless and completely unnecessary. If at some point it becomes uncomfortable for you, try to distract the baby from this activity. In no case do not shout and do not punish the puppy physically - in the future the dog will be afraid to approach the bitch and, naturally, will not be able to leave offspring after itself.
Usually the baby does cages on soft objects - toys, pillows, slippers of the owner. You can not punish him for satisfying a natural need, but it is not worth it to constantly indulge. A male, accustomed to meeting needs in this way, will not want a bitch in the future.
That is, a Pekingese puppy must be regularly monitored and educated.
Much attention should be paid to the health of the dog: in order for the Pekingese dogs to mate successfully, and as a result a full-fledged offspring appears, and the puppies do not have a pathology for the development of testes, it is necessary to check the animal for cryptorchidism.
The female Pekingese is ready for mating by the beginning of the third estrus, when the development of the body is already completed and it is ready to bear pregnancy and childbirth, or the dog has already gone the second year. In no case should the Pekingese be bred in the first estrus: the female organism has not yet formed, and even if she can give birth, the offspring will be unviable or have significant developmental disabilities.
Pekingese puppy cost
Having decided to get a dog of this breed, many are previously interested in how much a Pekingese puppy costs and how is the price for it formed? It should be noted that thoroughbred puppies differ in a number of characteristics, and its cost will depend on what type of animal you prefer. Dogs are usually divided into 3 classes: pet, breeding and show class.
If you do not intend to continue to use the animal in breeding, and you just want to buy a dog for the company as a pet, take a look at the Pekingese of the pet category. It includes animals with exterior defects and disqualification deviations from the standard.
Category brid means puppies with a good pedigree, endowed with a pedigree character and reproductive traits. They are not as beautiful and magnificent as show-class dogs, but they are excellent at breeding.
The category of show class includes purebred dogs that meet the characteristics of the standard and have an outstanding exterior. Animals of this group are suitable for breeding, as well as for participation in exhibitions.
Given the class differences, the cost of Pekingese puppies can vary from 8-15 to 25-30 thousand rubles. It is also believed that small puppies are more expensive than larger relatives. To get such a small miracle is better at the age of 3 months in certified nurseries or from breeders.
Why do the Pekingese drop their eyes
Whether the Pekingese eye loss really can happen is a concern for future owners.
In fact, the eyes, as you can imagine, do not fall out: when leaving the orbit, their eyelids infringe. The fact is that the Pekingese can dislocate the eyeball. This phenomenon is affected not only by the Pekingese, but also by other dogs that have small, compared to large bulging eyes, eye sockets (pugs, chihuahua, Japanese chin, French bulldog, toy terrier,).
Restless owners, again go online to find out how to avoid eye loss in your beloved pet. And they can be understood. Owners will not have to carry out any complicated procedures, it will be enough just to carefully observe and care for their pet:
- conduct daily eye examinations;
- remove eye discharge and accumulations on time;
- make sure that the dog does not fight with other animals.
If, nevertheless, an unpleasant situation has occurred, and eyeballs have unnaturally hatched at the Pekingese, hurry up to see a veterinarian! Please note that self-medication can complicate the problem, and do not postpone the visit to the doctor until tomorrow - the eyes will swell and this will cause the pet additional pain and discomfort. Apply moistened sterile wipes or bandages to diseased eyes. The specialist will examine the problem areas (check whether the eyes react to light, whether the dog can drive them) and prescribe medication in the form of a drop in the eye, antibiotics and injections. In severe cases, he will advise you to prepare for an operation during which the eyelid will be cut and the eye adjusted.
If nevertheless there is no opportunity to get to the veterinary clinic, you will need to do the treatment yourself. Before doing this, wash your hands thoroughly, raise the dog’s eyelids and boldly press on the eyeball with a moist sterile bandage - this way you will put it back into the eye socket.
Pekingese life span
And, of course, the “dog lovers” are interested in knowing how many Pekingese live, everyone wants their pet to live as much as possible.
And there is something to please the future owners of the Pekingese, because the chosen favorites are marked long-livers in the world of dogs. Officially, statistics on the question of how many years the Pekingese live at home, gives the figure of 13.3 years. Of course, this is an average indicator, calculating which, the age of the dead puppies and the age of animals prematurely died from an accident are taken into account. Therefore, while providing him with good living conditions and timely detection and treatment of various diseases, you can provide the dog 15-18, and even 20 years of a happy life.