Among a wide variety of breeds, there is a four-legged species that cannot boast of a loud “woof”. To the question "which dog cannot bark," there is one answer - the basenji - a breed whose representatives are unique in that they do not differ in flood barking.
The breed is considered to be very ancient - mankind has been known for more than 5000 years. It appeared on the territory of Central Africa, was widely represented in ancient Egypt, where puppies of this breed were considered a talisman and presented as a gift to the pharaohs. Researchers have found many drawings on the walls of ancient Egyptian tombs, which depict incarcerated dogs, as well as their mummies in honorary burials along with wealthy owners. It was also widely found in the area of Nubia (the land of the current country of Sudan).
1895 - the breed first left the homeland, was brought to England, but the dogs, unfortunately, could not stand the hard road and died. The year 1905 was marked by their appearance at the Berlin Zoo, where they were shown as exotic animals from the jungle. In 1930, basenji was again brought into the UK, where the single standard that was used today was approved.
The breed developed independently in the wild jungle of Africa through natural selection without human influence. Data from geneticists suggest that the impurities may include wolves in the Middle East and North Africa.
There is an opinion that in ancient times animals could talk like people. Once the leader of the pack heard the great secret of one of the peoples, after which the dogs all together promised themselves not to divulge it under any circumstances.
Basenji, African barking or Congolese shrub dog, Congo Terrier, Nyam-Nyam-Terrier, Forest dog from Congo or Zandeh dog (people in North Africa), “creature from the thickets” - these are all names of dogs that cannot bark. Just do not think that she does not produce any sounds at all. Howl, rumble (this sound was called "barroo"), growl, snort, flood with specific "trills" or scare with heartbreaking moans - representatives of this breed know how to make noise. Almost all owners say that it’s enough to look at the photo of this four-legged dog in order to fall in love with this amazing dog.
According to the specifications of the International Federation of Cynologists, Basenji belong to the group of Spitz and primitive breeds.
Dogs are characterized by fearlessness, confidence, eccentricity of thinking, they are kind and affectionate, have strong immunity. They successfully perform at exhibitions, do not show aggressiveness towards humans, but clearly dominate, being close to other animals. Suitable for living in a city apartment. The average life expectancy is 10-12 years (13-16 are indicated in some sources).
- height (at the withers) - male - 43 cm, female - 40 cm;
- weight - male - 11 kg, female - 9.5 kg.
The following colors are distinguished:
- intense black and white;
- tricolor - bright black with a red-red tan (there are marks on the face, above the eyes, cheekbones);
- stripes of black on a red-red field.
Any color is also characterized by the indispensable presence of a white breast, paws and tail tip. The litter most often consists of 4-5 puppies.
Special characteristics of animals in this category:
- in a state of emotion they make sounds very similar to cat's rumbling;
- wrinkles in the forehead appear when the ears are flattened;
- tail wrapped.
Many breeders note the incredible similarity of their pet with cats. In addition to rumbling, basenji know how to wash their hands, do not like water (perhaps because of genetic memory), they love praise, talking about themselves, and are also distinguished by trusting relationships with the owner. Some independence like a cat can make a dog unobtrusive, so only experienced owners can cope with this temperament.
She is very mobile and active, will become an excellent companion, has hunting skills. She loves to run, movement gives them a sense of freedom and fills with energy. In the absence of motor activity, the animal may become depressed. Today, it is very often involved as an assistant in hunting in the territory of the Congo.
Why can't they bark
Scientists are considering 2 versions:
- It is likely that domestication and domestication by humans occurred somewhat earlier than the animals realized that they should bark. Theoretically they know how to bark, but do not.
- The absence of barking is due to the specific structure of the pharynx of the animal.
There is some predisposition to the following diseases:
- urolithiasis disease;
- problems with the hip joints;
- retinal atrophy - can progress to a state of blindness;
- Fanconi syndrome - kidney disease, which in the future leads to renal failure;
- thyroid dysfunction;
- protein loss entropy.
Because of their activity, representatives of this breed require a long walk in the open, as well as emotional and dynamic stresses in the form of a game and energetic communication with the owner.
Periodically (1-2 times a week) it is necessary to comb out the hair with a brush, as well as cutting the claws once every 2 weeks. When bathing, you need to use only high-quality cosmetic care products, since the skin of the basenji is quite sensitive.
Important! The breed is considered hypoallergenic, animals are very clean and have no specific smell. Recommended for establishments by owners who carefully monitor the cleanliness of the house.
You can buy a rare Basenji breed dog in the Russian Federation at a price of 45 to 80 thousand rubles. It is suitable for active people with great cynological experience. To conquer the bold heart of the little "African hunter" can only one whom he will accept in his pack and appoint a leader.
These dogs can bark, just because of their nature they don’t really like to do this. Therefore, those who can not stand flood barking when choosing a puppy should pay attention to one of these breeds.
Graceful and freedom-loving Salyuki is an Arab greyhound. She has the purest genes, a delicate scent and an elegant, flexible physique. The ancient Arabs considered her a gift from the Almighty and took good care of her. In response, Salyuki helped the man in hunting small animals. To catch up with a gazelle, this animal can develop a leopard's speed (up to 70 km / h).
Saluki’s temper is calm, but strong-willed. Her barking can be heard extremely rarely, only in extreme situations. She does not show protective qualities and is more suitable as a companion for dynamic people who love long trips.
Horse riding and cycling are the best way to find a common language with a sporting Persian greyhound. The breed has retained excellent hunting performance and is suitable for working on animals in open areas.
Saluki is a gentle and sophisticated creature. She is demanding of affection and attention. He loves the owner and children. The other four-legged in his company does not accept. He does not like noisy games, and a crowd of people puts her in a state of stress. She is a loner and is content with communicating only with loved ones.
The breed is more popular in the Arab states. In Russia, there are several official nurseries dedicated to breeding this ancient and silent breed. She is suitable for breeders with experience who have the time and desire to establish close contact with the sophisticated and thoughtful “Persian princess”.
You can buy an elite puppy Salyuki at a price of 35 to 60 thousand rubles. Buy a pet should only be from breeders with a long and positive reputation.
Another representative of non-barking dogs is Shiba Inu. A small but very tricky Inu from Honshu Island. A child of the land of the rising sun and a descendant of wild dogs that lived in Japan BC
Shiba Inu (Shiba Inu) is classified as a hunting one. Her appearance remained pristine and was not subjected to the intervention of breeders. Shiba is the property and pride of the Japanese people. Miniature spitz-shaped.
Lai Shiba is like a piercing scream that she emits during anxiety, fear, or in protest. The rest of the time, the pet is silent and communicates with the person by facial expressions, at the level of psychological perception. This dog can express a smile of joy and pleasure with a smile.
Little Inna is a dog of one owner. Faithful, reasonable and fair. She does not tolerate tyranny and will never forgive the one who raised her hand to her. In the soul of Shiba Inu is a "samurai" who will not bow his head and will not grovel before a person for a piece of meat. Cope with it is not easy. Only through physical and mental training, affection, persuasion, and sometimes by example, you can agree with this rebellious and proud dog.
New Guinean Singing Dog
When asked which breed of dog does not bark, you can get an unexpected answer - the one that sings does not bark. The New Guinean singing dog is so distinctive and old that there are no reliable sources about its appearance and domestication. It is likely that its roots go back centuries and have connections with the Australian Dingo.
The singing "new guinea pig" is one of the subspecies of the red wolf. In the wild, flocks in the forests of New Guinea. It looks like a wolf and a fox at the same time. It feeds on birds and rodents. It can be seen more often in zoos than in human homes. She possesses the features of a predator: cunning, dexterity and endurance.
"Novogvineika" has two features that distinguish it from an ordinary dog. First, she rarely barks. Instead of a typical bark, it makes sounds similar to bird singing or a cry of a whale. Secondly, she can climb trees and steep rocks, like a cat.
Over the centuries of existence, man has repeatedly tried to tame this wild animal. Caught in the wild and domesticated dogs helped people on the hunt and guarded their homes. However, they did not feel much affection and love for a person, and at the call of blood many of them fled back to the forest.
For a long time the breed of "singing dogs" was considered endangered. In the 80s of the last century, dog handlers again paid attention to her. Thanks to them, a revival of an unusual breed began.
To purchase this "savage" will have to poison in the official nurseries of Australia or the United States. The price of a puppy can be found on the kennel's website. Before you get this rare and non-trainable breed, you need to properly evaluate your capabilities and the availability of time to train with it.
It is likely that after reading the article, many will think about acquiring a silent pet. After all, sometimes the silence in the apartment and the absence of claims from the neighbors are so important. However, the medal "For silence" has a flip side. All of the above not barking "four-legged friends" are too independent, willful, difficult to train and demanding in all respects.