When it comes to housing maintenance, most often the family does not want to see nearby a workhorse or an evil guard, but a cheerful sociable companion. Therefore, thinking about what kind of dog is best to get in an apartment, it is first of all necessary to take into account the character, and only then appearance, type of coat and other pedigree features.
Reckless clown, tireless inventor, funny stuntman, affectionate hand-made animal, cute lounger - how do you see a future family member? From this point of view, it does not matter whether a small or large dog is brought into the house: a tiny York city is a hundred times more “alive” than a solid Chow Chow, a miniature pincher is more mobile, curious and more active than a giant mastiff. So the most important thing:
- if you want to go in for sports with your dog, walk a lot, go outdoors and go hiking, you need a strong genetically healthy mobile breed. Beagle, border collie, all schnauzers and pinchers (from crumbs to giants, size has little effect on character), retrievers, setters, fox terriers, jack Russell terriers and generally all terriers without an admixture of the blood of etching dogs. Minus - the need for regular long classes. If an active dog gets bored, it can turn an apartment into ruins in a matter of hours;
- If you prefer a quiet walking exercise without jumping, “hunting” for cats and birds, Chow Chow, Pekingese or Pug, French and English Bulldog, Chinese Crested Dog, Mastino, Corgi are suitable for you. A strong psyche and emotional stability make these dogs suitable for those who decide which dog to get in a studio apartment. Although if the dimensions of the room are very small, you should pay attention to medium or small dogs. But a large infantile pet (Chow, for example) creates less inconvenience (sleeps half a day) than the smallest, but naturally active and explosive terrier (all day underfoot, participates in all household chores);
- if noisy and funny, but not round-the-clock games with running and racing will not annoy you, and if you can walk a dog every day for at least 2-3 hours in total, you can choose from miniature and medium sized hunting breeds. These are spaniels, terriers (Fox, Jack Russell, York, Toy, Airedale, etc.), all taxes. With proper loads (there is a playground near the house where the dog can run, jump) Labradors and poodles are ideal. These dogs get along well with children, do not disturb peace and do not spoil things in the house (of course, upbringing and regular walking are important), suitable for novice owners, rarely try to dominate and are easy to train;
- if you need a sofa dog that you don’t need to walk with at all, which you cannot see and hear until you pay attention to it, it’s better to completely abandon the idea of having a dog. If a child is in the house, and the dog is to become a gift for the baby, it is also better to change your mind and buy a hamster or rabbit. Regardless of size and character, every dog needs to be walked every day, any dog needs regular grooming for many years, any dog needs to be raised. A child cannot cope with these tasks! Even if you buy a dog exclusively for children, all the worries will fall on the shoulders of adults.
When the puppy is small, at first glance the difference is not visible. However, by half a year the characters of bitches and males, even within the same litter, begin to differ. It is very difficult for inexperienced owners to decide which dog to get - a boy or a girl? The difficulty is that this question is very individual and often depends on internal perception, and not on rational arguments.
But on the whole, males more easily and easily adopt norms of behavior, however, when a flowing female appears on the horizon, the most educated male flies off the coils - it can run away, fight with a stray competitor, satisfy the need despite the cries of a person and pick up some muck in the process (scolding is useless) . Girls are more cunning, they try to quietly expand the boundaries of what is permitted, and they suffer from “sexual psychoses” only a couple of times a year.
This is a serious problem, regardless of the size of the dog: a big dog can pull the leash and run away, a small dog can gather a crowd of dogs aggressive towards the owner.
The easiest option is to castrate or sterilize the pet before puberty. Sterile dogs are better companions, more obedient, non-conflict with other dogs, they run away less often, they get sick less often (unsatisfied sexual instinct affects health sooner or later). Sterilization is especially desirable if the dog is walking with the child: mating, dog brawls, stingy behavior of bitches are not only not intended for the eyes of children, but can also pose a direct danger. If sterilization is not an acceptable solution for you, you will have to put up with all of the above. Oh yes! Males also mark, although some bitches during estrus also forget about cleanliness.
Which dog gets along with the baby?
- not aggressive in nature;
- in no way shy, not nervous;
- sociable, curious;
- playful, athletic, mobile;
- not dominant, with a moderate or absent territorial instinct.
Labradors, poodles, sheltie, almost all terriers, beagles, lapdogs (Maltese, Bichon Frize, Russian, etc.), Dalmatians, medium and miniature schnauzers - these dogs are most often advised for children, but the list is very conditional. It is much more important to buy a puppy in a kennel, from parents verified by the psyche, correctly (under the guidance of a dog handler or breeder) to raise a dog. Under these conditions, any pet will be absolutely safe for the baby. Although the child is unlikely to be interested in infantile hin, chow, pug or Pekingese.
Many dogs consider young children puppies. It's nice, but sometimes it becomes a problem. For example, a bitch can look after a “puppy” - lick the child’s genitals and buttocks, lick his face after the baby has eaten. A male will almost certainly begin to protect the “puppy” from outsiders, which may result in aggression. And dogs raise puppies - a dog who plays a flirtatious or careless dog can bite slightly on the arm or neck (many parents confuse this behavior with aggression and are very scared, like a baby whose skin is softer than the puppy’s skin and the pain threshold is lower than the puppy’s). If you are not ready to face such moments and do not know whether you will correctly understand the behavior of the dog in a particular situation, it is better to wait with the purchase of a puppy until the child is at least 3-5 years old.
Which dog gets along with other pets?
Everything is simple here. Hunting breeds are mistaken for catching mice, hamsters and birds, even if they are locked in a secure cage. And this is stress for the dog, and for small animals. Shepherd dogs, schnauzers (regardless of size) and all breeds with the prefix "bul" are often aggressive towards cats. Although if you are thinking about which dog to get in an apartment with a cat, be prepared for a long and difficult process of education, regardless of who your choice stops at. Any dog, even usually indifferent to cats bolonki, Pekingese and hin, can grow up a hatred of a cat tribe due to the only mistake of the owner.
Which dog will not spoil things, get dirty, make noise and create other inconveniences?
Raised, of course. In this regard, focusing on the breed is almost useless. Only one rule invariably applies: the more active and sociable the dog, the more noise it creates. Therefore, at the beginning of the article, attention is paid to walking. If the pet receives the necessary loads outside the house, silence, peace and order reign in the apartment. If unspent energy accumulates day by day, even the most well-bred dog, in the end, will not survive and will arrange an apocalypse. Therefore, medium-active breeds are usually advised for children, although the baby is more fun with the tireless four-legged clown. But such a dog can interfere with a child’s sleep or study, with a very active dog it is difficult to walk. And here it’s again not about the breed - it’s important to choose the “same” puppy, trusting the breeder (someone who, and he certainly knows the degree of activity of each puppy in the litter).
What wool is "invisible" in the apartment?
Healthy and well maintained. By the way, it is much easier to assemble a soft undercoat from a sofa upholstery or carpet than thin "needles" of a dachshund, beagle, pug, etc. To keep the house clean, the dog should not molt. And so that the dog does not fade, it must be healthy (proper feeding and regular grooming are equally important).
Caucasian shepherd dogs and CAO, husky dogs, huskies - these breeds are absolutely not suitable if you are considering what kind of dog to get in a small apartment (wool shedding all year round will be literally everywhere!). Miniature dogs, regardless of the type of coat, are easier to care for (to bathe and comb out a lap-dog is much easier than a St. Bernard), but only if the pet is accustomed to water and a comb from childhood. Bichons, corydalis down jackets, poodles, Yorkies do not fade at all (except because of illness or a categorically unsuitable food). Wire-haired dogs require regular trimming - the hair needs to be “plucked” because by itself, it does not fall out. This is easier than disassembling the tangles, but you will have to learn how to correctly and painlessly carry out this procedure. Smooth-haired, hairless, and short-haired dogs are the best choice if you have a child in the house who often suffers from respiratory illnesses.
Dogs with a special character
Some dogs, although suitable for housing, are not designed to live in urban environments. For example, setters, greyhounds and large hounds - they need many hours of active walking, it is advisable to go hunting or kursing, they need a lot of space. Living in the countryside, these are obedient non-aggressive and pleasant communicative favorites, but in the crowded city their character deteriorates - unspent energy is looking for a way out.
Servants, greyhounds, breeds mixed with the blood of pickling dogs are wonderful pets, but only if the owner has sufficient experience in dog breeding or from a puppy's age is raising a dog under the guidance of a professional.
Service breeds also require a special approach. For example, black terriers, Dobermans or shepherd dogs can live in an apartment, but you need to deal with them regularly. If this is not possible, territorial and protective instincts will prevail. Such breeds need work, constant occupation, without which they "fool around", mistaking their neighbors for enemies, barking uncontrollably at the noise behind the door, trying to dominate the family.
Rottweilers, Staffordshire terriers, pit bulls and other so-called “fighting” breeds are considered the most problematic dogs for good reason. Although they are only suitable for living in an apartment (because of the short coat, even in an insulated enclosure they are cold in winter, and because of their complex psyche, they cannot be separated from their families), such dogs often get out of control. This is especially dangerous for children - a child can involuntarily provoke aggression, and a physically strong fearless dog can cause serious damage to the baby, even when he does not want it (bites for the purpose of education, for example). Of course, a well-mannered and adequate pit bull is safer than a spoiled dominant spaniel! The catch is that in order to raise a spaniel, you will almost certainly have to make less effort.
Are you ready to get a dog?
We suggest you take a simple test to verify the seriousness of your intentions. Many of the situations presented are rather gloomy, but no one is safe from them. Do you agree with the statements:
- I will yell at the puppy and punish him if I find spoiled shoes, a pile on the carpet, torn wallpaper, a tattered carpet;
- I will miss a walk with the dog if they invite me to visit, something interesting is going on TV, I really want to sleep, the weather is bad on the street;
- I’m not ready to move or change furniture, change my daily routine, habits or preferences just for the dog’s sake;
- I’m not ready to suddenly spend a large amount of money (for example, 10-20 thousand right now, immediately). This may be necessary if the dog is suddenly ill or injured;
- I have no relatives or acquaintances who agree to take a dog for a few days;
- I am not ready to spend about 2,000 rubles a month on a dog;
- I’m afraid, I will fall into a stupor and I will not be able to protect myself and my dog if a stray flock attacks us;
- I will beat the dog if she bites me or another person;
- I will never spend money on a dog handler, even if problems with behavior turn out to be serious and insoluble from my point of view;
- I can imagine a situation (whatever) in which I throw the dog outside.
If you answered yes to at least a third of the questions, think again, do you really need a dog? If you still really want to get a puppy, turn to a good kennel to an experienced breeder, who will help you better understand dogs and raise a puppy the way your ideal pet should be.
And most importantly: a dog suitable for housing is your favorite dog! If a pet is not liked, even the most educated, not shedding, not picky and inconspicuous doggie will be annoying. If the dog is loved, the owner will approach the upbringing responsibly and will make every effort to smooth out the problems of behavior and difficulties of keeping without harm to the pet.