Do not be surprised, but the Tibetan Terrier has nothing to do with its burrow counterparts. The origin and destination of the breed is still not known. According to one version, the breed was bred to protect the temples, and according to another, for cattle grazing. Some experts say that the breed of dogs the Tibetan Terrier came from mountain tetrapods, others ... that from shepherds from England. Years of studying the history of the breed gave people some fact, we will deal with them.
Not much is known about the origin of the graceful, long-haired Tibetan Terriers. Modern dog lovers perceive representatives of the breed as companions. As you know, Tibetan terriers constantly contacted with famous mastiffs and spaniels, but whether they are relatives is unknown. Despite many uncertainties, the breed has a very interesting legend, according to which the Tibetan Terrier brings happiness and good luck to its owner. Perhaps this legend was invented intentionally, since Tibetan terriers are much inferior to mastiffs and spaniels in popularity.
Judging by the annals of the monks, the dogs that lived at the temples were indeed assigned the role of talismans. The approximate age of the breed exceeds a threshold of 2 thousand years. Like other Tibetan breeds, terriers were not sold or handed over to anyone for good. The only way to get a dog, in those days, is a voluntary gift from the monks ... which, by the way, was considered a very great honor.
The donated puppies of the Tibetan Terrier, according to their new owners, really brought good luck, at least there are several preserved notes about this. It is a little strange that the monks did not oppose the breeding of Tibetan terriers outside the homeland, but they also "indicated" that only dogs grown in temples bring good luck.
There is no comprehensive information on the appointment of dogs in the homeland. It is known that all the dogs of Tibetan monasteries performed the work entrusted to them. Tibetan terriers supposedly helped the monks graze cattle and small cattle. It should be understood that the history of the breed is so vague and confused for two reasons: the monks do not like to share information, and the breed itself became known in the world only at the beginning of the 20th century.
Perhaps the Tibetan Terrier would have remained a secret if not for the merits of A. Greig, a surgeon. The doctor received a dog as a gift for the manifestation of humanity. The story goes that Greig went through a draft contract in India. Once a Tibetan monk entered his clinic with his wife. The woman was seriously ill and needed surgery. The journey from home to the clinic took the couple more than 2 months, there were no hospitals closer. The dog of the Tibetan Terrier breed traveled all the way, along with its sick mistress.
Naturally, the dog could not remain in the hospital, but the hostess could not live without a companion. The woman was very worried and cried when she learned that the dog will have to give. To preserve the patient’s health, A. Greig took the dog to her settlement, but every day she brought her to the clinic to see the mistress. After the operation, when the owner of the dog was undergoing rehabilitation, four puppies of the Tibetan Terrier were born. One of the kids was presented as a gift to a doctor who showed humanity and a special approach to treatment.
During a joint stay with the Tibetan Terrier, the future founder of the first pedigree kennel noted a lot of positive aspects of the dog. The resulting puppy moved with the new owner to England. A. Greig abandoned the career of a doctor and devoted her life to breeding this unique breed. Note that today the Tibetan Terrier is recognized throughout the world, but the path to recognition was thorny.
Given the rarity of the breed, its breeding was very difficult. For the first breeding, dogs similar to Lhasa-apso, the then-known Tibetan long-haired breed, were selected. By the way, the first description of the breed was recorded with the name Lahsa Terrier. Almost 30 years later, an international breed standard with the name Tibetan Terrier was registered. At first, or rather, the first 25 years, the breed was bred only in Europe. The recognition of Tibetan terriers in the United States occurred only in the early 70's.
A medium-sized breed of square format with a strong, harmonious, rather strong, but not heavy skeleton. The muscles are powerful, but not dry. The skin is tight. Too heavy, rough, friable skeleton or muscles - these are serious shortcomings, very much attention is paid to the harmonious constitution. In this case, the representatives of the breed clearly expressed sexual type. Males are more powerful, furry, stockier bitches. In assessing, the addition of males is standardized more strictly. An elongated physique is considered a drawback. Too high paws, a long or arched back is recognized as a vice.
Regardless of gender the weight of adult dogs ranges from 8-14 kg. Growth criteria depend on gender:
- Males: 38-41 cm.
- Bitches: 36-39 cm.
Growth beyond the minimum in females and the maximum in males is considered a disqualifying disadvantage. Males are evaluated more strictly, their growth should not be less than 38 cm, a minimum height of 35.5 cm is allowed in females. With all his behavior and movements, the Tibetan Terrier should demonstrate lightness, or rather, not a burden. When walking or running, the dog’s step is straightforward, confident, free.
The character of Tibetan terriers is characterized by balance, unusual restraint for terriers and at the same time liveliness and activity. Regardless of the situation, the four-legged demonstrate confidence, attentiveness and responsiveness. Sharp intelligence, physical strength, and endurance are predicted by dog behavior. In relation to the owner, Tibetan terriers are infinitely true, suspicious and distrustful of strangers. Too nervous, cowardly or aggressive behavior is the reason for rejection of the dog from the breeding work.
- Head - harmonious in proportions, medium size, in adult dogs densely covered with long hair. The frontal part is moderately convex, not wide; its shape resembles a wide, truncated wedge. A flat forehead is considered a vice. The occiput is pronounced, but does not protrude with a tubercle, the orbits are also medium-pronounced, hidden by flowing hair. The bend of the transition from the forehead to the muzzle is well defined and emphasized by the silhouette. Cheekbones are dry, strong, not distorting the silhouette. The jaws fully developed are almost equal in length. The front part is not too dry, the back of the nose is even, slightly tapering to the nose. The muzzle should not look pointed or blunt. Lips are elastic, completely hiding teeth and tongue, not loose. Raw or saggy lips are considered a vice.
- Teeth - healthy, in the right bite and full set. Cutters are located on parallel lines, planted tightly and evenly. The disadvantages include violations that do not affect the bite: chips of some teeth, yellowness, early attrition. A tick-shaped bite or snack without clearance can be assessed as a defect or defect. Rough defects are considered an incomplete dental formula, loose teeth, the absence of some teeth at a young age, and chronic diseases of the oral cavity.
- Nose - medium in size, black, round nostrils, well open. A large nose, any color of the nose except black, incomplete pigmentation or narrow nostrils are considered imperfections or defects.
- Eyes - almost round, rather large, set wide enough, the look is directed straight, expresses confidence. The pigmentation of the irises is saturated, in a brown palette. Eyelids close fitting, fully colored. Lightened eye color is considered a drawback. Bulging eyes or deep-set eyes, drooping or incompletely stained eyelids, are considered a vice.
- The ears - medium size, set high, triangular in shape, lowered to the head, but not pressed to the skull. An adult dog has a decorative coat on its ears. Ears should not look up or upright. A dog older than 15 months must have a decorative coat. Ears pressed to the head are equated to vices.
- Body - square, proportional addition. The neck without a pronounced bend, not too long, well muscled, slightly expanding to the shoulders. In an adult dog, a long, flowing hair on the neck is more pronounced in males than in females. A long, curved neck, sweet skin, or poor skin are considered serious flaws. The withers are strong, but do not contrast with the silhouette, do not bulge against the background of the back. The muscles are developed, dry. A weak, narrowed or bulging withers will be recognized as a flaw or vice. The chest is spacious, proportionally wide, oval, rather convex, deep. A flat chest or its insufficient length are deficiencies. The back is strong, short, flat. A convex, bent, or weakened back is not permitted. Loin protrudes slightly, well muscled, should not be long or narrow. Croup is beveled, not too wide, strong. Dogs whose croup above the withers are disqualified from pedigree work are considered to be a serious vice and long-legged or excessive squatting. The line of a stomach is accurate, moderately tightened.
- Limbs - strong, with dry muscles, smooth and parallel. The front legs are strong, but not heavy with pronounced muscles and the correct angles of the joints. The length of the front paws from the hand to the chest is approximately half the height of the dog at the withers. In adults, the back of the legs has long, embellishing hair. The shoulders are almost faithful, developed, well muscled. The elbows are strictly parallel, not obstructed inward, not twisted, pressed to the sternum. The forearms and metacarpals are sheer, flat, strong. The hind limbs are more powerful than the front, but should not look coarse or heavy. The angles of the joints are pronounced, regular. Metatarsus is quite powerful, set upright. In adult dogs, the hind limbs are densely covered with long hair. Brushes are large, round, wide, well-assembled. Between the fingers, the presence of protective wool is mandatory, the show dogs are carefully shortened. The brushes are set straight ahead, marking the paws or loose fingers are considered gross vices.
- Tail - length depends on growth, but on average reaches hocks. At rest, the tail is thrown back. Embellishing wool falls on the back and in the croup, creating a tuft or fountain (depending on the length of the wool). In its natural form, the length of the decorating hair on the tail reaches 15 cm. At the tip of the tail, let's bend. Poor hair on the tail of an adult dog is considered a flaw; a completely even tail or improperly placed tail will disqualify the dog from breeding.
Type of coat and color
The skin of Tibetan terriers is very elastic and tight-fitting. An adult dog should not have folds, puppies younger than 15 months are allowed a little folding and inferiority of the coat. Wool consists of two layers. The undercoat is very dense, thick, soft and quite long. In males, the undercoat is more developed than in bitches. An underdeveloped or rare undercoat is considered a disadvantage, the absence of an undercoat is considered a vice.
The rest of the hair of an adult dog is long, slightly tough and thin in structure. The coat of a healthy dog is elastic, has a characteristic shine, and breaks up with even partings on the head and back. Wool should not look fluffy or too light; these are serious flaws. If the hair structure is silky, soft or too heavy, the dog will be disqualified from breeding.
Note! Curled six is considered a serious flaw and is guaranteed to disqualify the dog.
In natural form adult dog hair almost reaches the ground. Important nuances relate to the combination of hair in different parts of the body. Hair flowing from the head and ears blends smoothly with the hair on the neck. The cup in its natural form closes its eyes, and its tips merge with the vegetation on the face. The nose should not be covered by hair.
The color should look natural, in harmony with the pigmentation of the nose, lips and eyelids. Lack of pigment for coloring lips, eyelids and nose is recognized as a defect. Acceptable colors are very diverse; mixed pigmentation of wool from two or even three colors, without spots, is allowed. The following colors are usually the basis:
- The black.
- Peach or cream.
- Fawn and golden.
- Gray in different saturation, up to blue and smoky.
Important! Clear stains in the color or coat of liver color are considered serious defects.
Character and training
The breed is suitable for people who prefer a not too active lifestyle, as the Tibetan Terrier loves dynamic and leisurely walks equally. Against the background of not pickiness, the dog should have not only physical, but also intellectual stress.
The characteristics of the breed show Tibetan Terriers only on the positive side, but these dogs have a slight drawback. Representatives of the breed do not like to learn. The four-legged one will be happy to walk and fool around, but when it comes to training, they will do everything to keep up with them.
Against the background of low initiative, Tibetan terriers are very smart, and if the owner comes to terms with the pet's stubbornness, his intellectual abilities will be redirected to a destructive channel. By the way, even adult representatives of the breed often gnaw things and it's not a bad habit, but the need to get rid of plaque.
Important! Tibetan terriers need a constant society of people and are very bored when separated from the owner.
If you need a service dog looking in your eyes, this is not the Tibetan Terrier. With proper persistence and the right motivation, representatives of the breed successfully pass OKD (general training course) and city dog courses, this is quite enough. By the way, almost all Tibetan terriers (especially males) go through the so-called teenage riot. The dog stops happening and is trying in every possible way to show its superiority over the owner. This period must be rescheduled with dignity, without punishment and screaming. It is important to build the correct hierarchy of the pack in time and clearly show the pet that you are not going to give up the leader's place.
Representatives of the breed are sensitive and may be offended. This one withObaka is not very suitable for families with small children., since her patience has quite tangible limits. If the child hurts the dog, the rebuff will be worthy. No, the four-legged will not cause serious injuries, but with his whole appearance he will show that it is better not to mess with him.
Relations with other pets Tibetan terriers build situationally. If the cat or other dog is not aggressive, then the Tibetan Terrier will be calm. In case of severe jealousy or harassment, the breed representatives tend to give an active rebuff, from the second dog it can reach fights.
Note! Tibetan terriers grow up for a long time. A bitch is considered to be mentally and physically formed only by 3 years. Until complete formation from the Tibetan Terrier, one should not wait for perfect obedience.
Maintenance and care
The Tibetan Terrier is universal in content. Dogs perfectly adapt to life in an apartment or house with an adjacent plot. In the presence of personal territory, representatives of the breed actively show protective qualities.When living in an apartment, hair care is greatly facilitated, but the aspect of entertaining walking becomes extremely relevant.
The Tibetan Terrier requires quite scrupulous care. Long hair requires daily combing. Seasonal molting is accompanied by undercoat rejection. If the dog is not combed out during the molting period, the wool quickly gathers in the coils and causes considerable discomfort to the pet. A haircut could make grooming easier, but show dogs are allowed to cut hair between their fingers, in the eyes and ears. Dogs not engaged in breeding work are sheared throughout the body and this really makes it easier to care for. Dogs are recommended hygienic haircuts. If shortening of the coat is not possible, the coat in the groin area is washed after walking.
Bathing involves the use of specialized means for smoothing wool. If the dog is dirty, the coat is cleaned with powder or clean water. Too frequent use of shampoo is not recommended, as excessive softening negatively affects the structure of the coat.
In addition to combing and bathing, the dog's coat needs additional care, more precisely, protection. In dusty and humid weather, it is advisable to walk the dog in protective clothing. In rainy seasons it is mandatory to use a raincoat. After walking in clothes, it is advisable to use an antistatic agent.
The Tibetan Terrier needs regular nail clipping. A healthy dog is active, but only partially erases its claws. During the procedure, which is carried out 1 time in 1-2 weeks, the dog needs to carefully massage his fingers. If the paws and fingers are not well groomed, the dog may suffer from swelling of the limbs.
Important! The Tibetan Terrier needs regular parasite prophylaxis. If a dog is infected with fleas or lice-eaters, and the owner missed this point, it is very difficult to remove parasites in an advanced stage. Moreover, the appearance is guaranteed to suffer.
Watch your dog’s teeth carefully. Balanced feeding solves most problems, but with omissions, using only dry or soft food, Tibetan terriers quickly form plaque and stone. For the prevention of diseases of the oral cavity, it is recommended that the dog brush his teeth once a week or more often, depending on individual predispositions.
The average life expectancy of Tibetan terriers varies in within 12-15 years, which is considered a very good indicator. When it comes to highly pedigree dogs obtained from healthy, reputable producers, the breed is called generally healthy.
Since breeding work does not last long, and some hereditary diseases are not immediately detected, representatives of the breed are prone to:
- Joint dysplasia (age-related and hereditary).
- Lens dislocation - a genetic predisposition.
- Retinal atrophy.
Note! Cryptorchidism is detected rarely in Tibetan terriers, but such an ailment is considered a serious vice and excludes the male from pedigree work.
The weakest places of the breed, no doubt, are the eyes. In addition to the difficulties in grooming, the potential owner of the Tibetan Terrier must have a deep knowledge of the field of ophthalmic ailments of dogs. The fact is that even a slight oversight in caring for a dog can lead to a rapidly developing ailment, for example, acute conjunctivitis or ulceration of the cornea.