The conjunctiva is called the mucous membrane of the eye. It prevents the eye from drying out and provides it with a permanent, moist environment. Conjunctivitis is a process when the mucous membrane of the eye is inflamed. Purulent conjunctivitis in cats occurs when pathogenic bacteria multiply on the conjunctiva, the process is accompanied by the release of pus.
Causes and signs of the disease
Purulent inflammation of the mucosa is possible only with a decrease in its biological resistance to pathogenic microorganisms. Vitamin A deficiency - one of the reasons for the decrease in immunity. Also, purulent conjunctivitis can lead to a violation of the integrity of the mucous membrane. Mechanical damage can be caused by grains of sand, grains, and blades of grass entering the eye.
At the first stage, catarrhal inflammation develops. This stage is characterized by photophobiawhen a cat hides in places devoid of light. Swelling of the eyelids appears, the conjunctiva and the eyeball acquires a reddish color. Severe soreness is noted.
Further symptoms characteristic of purulent inflammation develop:
- Due to persistent microbleeding conjunctiva is bright red, often bleeds, in the exudate there may be an admixture of blood.
- From the inner corner of the eye constantly flows whitish or yellowish pus. It accumulates on the lower eyelid, eyelashes, solidifying, forms crusts.
- Due to skin irritation below the inner corner of the eye wet eczema appearson which there is no hair.
Inflammation can spread to sclera or lacrimal ducts. In severe cases, edema decreases, but the conjunctiva, due to stagnation of blood, acquires a bluish tint. The upper layers of the protruding conjunctiva undergo necrosis, ulcerate, while the amount of pus decreases, but it becomes more dense and dirty yellow.
Purulent conjunctivitis can be put on the basis of clinical signs, however, to determine the causative agent of the disease, pus must be sent for laboratory examination.
Purulent conjunctivitis treatment
After the initial examination, do not hesitate, you should immediately begin treatment. The prognosis for purulent conjunctivitis is usually cautious or unfavorable, since inflammation often spreads to corneathat in cats leads to loss of vision. Therefore, therapy should be started as soon as possible.
Treatment consists of specific and non-specific (symptomatic) therapy.
Her task is the destruction of pathogenic microorganisms on the surface of the conjunctiva. To suppress their vital functions, it is recommended to use a combination of antibiotics and sulfa drugs.
Since solutions in the form of drops are quickly washed away, it is advisable to use antibiotics in the form of an ointment. They are applied with a special glass rod, while for each eye it is better to use your own tool, and disinfect it before each use.
Usually prescribed furatsilin at a concentration of 1: 5000 (for an aqueous solution) or 1: 500 (for an ointment). In the early days of the disease, it is advisable to use an emulsion of chloramphenicol. In addition to external use, antibiotics are administered intramuscularly.
It is aimed at eliminating the symptoms of the disease, removing pus from the eye. For this, a number of activities should be carried out:
- Need as fast as possible remove purulent peels from the eyes. This can be done by washing the eyes with a solution of furatsilina, chamomile, tea or rose hips. To do this, 2-3 drops are dripped from the pipette into each eye, the procedure is carried out every 3-4 hours.
- Improve animal maintenance. To do this, do a wet cleaning daily using disinfectants. Air all rooms 2-3 times a day. The cat's pot is changed 2 times a day.
- Enrich the diet with vitamins, dietary supplements for animals. In this case, the change in diet should be agreed with the veterinarian. Particular emphasis should be placed on vitamin A. All foods should be warmed up.
The period of the course of the disease is unpleasant for both the animal and its owner. Since the disease is infectious, then at home there danger of infection for other pets or humans, children.
Therefore, all households must observe the following regulations:
- Beware of bringing the animal to the face.
- Try to avoid drafts, but at the same time you need to ventilate the rooms (during the absence of animals and people there).
- Strengthen immunity with vitamins.
- "Preventive" reception of antibiotics is unacceptable, on the contrary, they will kill the immune system.
- Clean the room daily.
- Take care of your own hygiene.
If treatment is started earlier, then unpleasant complications in the future can be avoided. And remember, we are responsible for those who have tamed.