Concussion in cats: symptoms and treatment

An inattentive driver, a fall from a window, an unsuccessful jump from a tree - all this and much more can cause such a dangerous condition as a concussion in cats. The concussion itself is not a disease, but the result of an injury. But if the consequences are left without treatment, complications are possible in the form of a whole bunch of chronic diseases that undermine the pet’s health.
The main thing that the responsible owner should remember: any head injury, even if it seems insignificant, can lead to concussion. The lighter the trauma, the more difficult it is to notice deterioration in brain function on your own. A pet can look absolutely normal, eat well and adequately respond to the situation. And after a year, for inexplicable reasons, cramps, seizures, heart ailments and other health problems appear. It is important not to wait for symptoms of concussion in cats to appear after the injury, but to immediately show your pet your doctor.

Signs of concussion

The first and most obvious symptom is a short-term loss of consciousness after a stroke. A cat can recover in a few seconds or minutes: as a rule, the longer the syncope lasted, the more serious the injury. After regaining consciousness, the cat looks dumbfounded as if it does not understand what happened. Sometimes there is a short-term memory loss: the pet does not recognize the owner, hisses, backs away, trying to hide in a hard-to-reach place.
If the owner was not present at the time of the injury, it is possible to suspect concussion in cats by the following symptoms:
  • hematomas, bruises, bruises in the neck and / or head;
  • pallor / redness of the mucous membranes;
  • dislocation of the lens (a pupil of an unnatural shape, a pale spot on the pupil, trembling of the iris, the eye looks clearly abnormal due to displacement of the lens capsule as a result of rupture or stretching of the ligaments supporting it);
  • nystagmus (rapid movement of the eyeballs, twitching);
  • different sizes of pupils;
  • dilated pupils do not respond to light;
  • shaky gait as a sign of dizziness;
  • convulsive twitching of the facial muscles, limbs, cramps;
  • paralysis of the facial muscles, limbs;
  • loss of orientation;
  • temporary loss of hearing, vision;
  • rapid pulse;
  • wheezing
  • headaches (the cat rests its head against the wall / floor / corner of the sofa and freezes in this position).

Diagnosis of concussion in cats

It is important to understand that the symptoms of concussion in cats depend on the severity of the injury and the location of the stroke, i.e. places of the affected area. Brain tissue is damaged both in the place where the blow came and from the opposite side: the brain shakes from the blow, and then it hits the opposite wall of the skull.
Suspecting a concussion, you should ensure your darling is completely at ease and take her to the clinic as soon as possible. Transportation of the animal in an unconscious state - on a flat surface, lying on its side, the body is straight (you can not try to shove the cat into a tight carrying).

Cat Treatment and Care

Specific treatment for concussion in cats has not been developed. CT studies, radiography, MRI are not very informative, so the doctor must be experienced enough to correctly diagnose based on the clinical condition. First of all, the veterinarian determines the extent of the injury and takes measures aimed at eliminating or preventing the development of edema. Of the drugs prescribed vascular drugs, painkillers, sedatives, antiemetics. In severe cases, medications to support respiratory and cardiovascular functions. Treatment largely depends on the severity of certain symptoms. For example, if a cat becomes shy, nervous, or aggressive after a concussion, a long course of sedative drugs is prescribed.
In order for the cat’s concussion not to lead to irreversible disturbances in the functioning of this organ, it is necessary to ensure complete peace of mind for the recovering pet: you can’t turn on the TV or music loudly, invite noisy guests, or arrange spring cleaning. Peace, physical and emotional, is a necessary condition, if not observed, drug therapy loses its effectiveness.
During the year after an experienced brain injury, you should regularly visit a neurologist veterinarian. The doctor will monitor the restoration of the brain functions of the whiskered patient, adjusting, if necessary, the previously developed maintenance therapy scheme.

Watch the video: Concussion Traumatic Brain Injury TBI (April 2020).