Green diarrhea in a kitten indicates a violation of microflora, which is most likely complicated by the presence of pathogenic microbes. The cause of this pathology may be an infectious infection, an allergy, and taking antibiotics. You can help your pet with the help of special medications and diets.
Diarrhea is associated with accelerated intestinal motility, resulting from irritation of the intestine. Symptoms include loose stool, frequent bowel movements, or a single, plentiful, loose stool. Diarrhea can be acute or chronic. Diarrhea is one of the brightest symptoms of many diseases, the presence of parasites, infections and other malfunctions in your pet's body. The appearance and other characteristics of feces can determine the origin of the disease itself.
This shade of feces is a rather rare occurrence. In a kitten, green diarrhea is possible if pathogenic microflora develops in the intestines. With infection, the digestive process is disrupted, since the intestinal mucosa is damaged by bacteria. Putrid microorganisms begin to act, and food fermentation develops. Due to the fermentation process, feces take on a green tint.
Causes of Diarrhea
The cause of the development of pathogenic microflora can be several:
- A serious disease like salmonellosis, dysentery, amoebiasis. In this case, diarrhea becomes so powerful that the kitten can die in a matter of hours from severe dehydration. A strong temperature increase is also observed (by 2-3 ° C).
- Taking antibiotics. With prolonged use of antimicrobials, the natural microflora is destroyed. Therefore, after the appearance of green feces, it is worth stopping taking medications. And then you need to start supporting the intestinal microflora.
- Incorrect feeding. These are not edible green dyes (they are digested in the intestines). This includes monotonous unbalanced feeding of vitamins, as a result of which the protective ability of the intestine decreases (microbes penetrate), the number of natural microorganisms decreases (due to the vitamin "hunger strike").
- The absence of lactobacilli. Due to their small number, lactose intolerance develops, which is especially often found in small kittens. In most cases, this phenomenon is temporary. But if necessary, you can give the kitten probiotics containing lactobacilli.
There are other causes of diarrhea (not green):
- Various parasites.
- Allergy to food or medicine.
- Severe stress in the animal.
- Food poisoning.
- Inflammatory processes.
- Bowel obstruction.
- Gastrointestinal tract diseases of various origins.
With infection or with a violation of the intestinal microflora in kittens in the case of green diarrhea, the following phenomena can be observed:
- decreased activity, weakness, apathy;
- weight loss;
- during bowel movements, the pet may experience pain and discomfort;
- decreased appetite (up to a complete rejection of feed);
- temperature rise;
- increased thirst;
- dry mucous membranes;
- deterioration of the coat.
You need to be alert for the rapid development of diarrhea and high temperature - this is a sign of bacterial infection, which is especially dangerous for small animals. It must be remembered that severe diarrhea leads to the loss of potassium and sodium salts. As a result of the violation of the water-salt balance of the body, diarrhea and loss of water intensifies, which leads to severe dehydration.
How to help with diarrhea?
Specific antibiotic treatment for a kitten can be prescribed only by a veterinarian. But the owner himself can also help by giving the animal remedies for diarrhea, as well as by putting the kitten on a diet.
At first, at home it is recommended to completely limit the animal to food. Fasting time depends on the age of the pet. An adult cat can easily withstand a lack of food for 24-40 hours, but a kitten - no more than 10-12 hours. Drinking water should always be available.
At the end of the diet, feeding is carried out in small, frequent portions. Food should be easily digestible. Most preferred is a diet consisting of boiled chicken, schnitzel, oatmeal or rice porridge, broth, low-fat cottage cheese, and a hard-boiled boiled egg, which can be mixed with porridge. You can give specialized diet food. The transfer to the usual diet and diet should be carried out gradually.
What to do and what medicines to use depends on the characteristics and causes of diarrhea:
- Means for restoring microflora can be given to a kitten yourself. You should not be afraid of overdoses; probiotics are not dangerous. With diarrhea, a cat can be prescribed the following medicines: Bifidum, Lactobifadol, Bifitrilak, Smecta, Vetom 1.1, Coapektat.
- With chronic profuse diarrhea and green feces, papaverine is prescribed. This drug helps relieve intestinal spasm, eliminate pain and weaken intestinal motility.
- The use of sorbents (Enterosgel) helps to remove toxins, poisons, salts of heavy metals from the body, and also helps to eliminate the effects of intoxication and poisoning.
- Effective natural remedies are decoctions of St. John's wort, chamomile, oak bark, which have anti-inflammatory, tonic and antiseptic properties. These decoctions are given to a kitten from a syringe 2-3 times a day, 1-2 ml each (you can use an introducer, which is sold in veterinary pharmacies and pet stores). Such therapy lasts until the stool and general condition of the animal are completely normalized.
With proper treatment, the pet's health returns to normal in 2-3 days. If the kitten’s condition does not improve, and diarrhea is accompanied by other side symptoms, you should contact a veterinary clinic and get advice from a specialist.