Castration of cats is not difficult in terms of the operation, but, like after any surgical interventions, the development of postoperative complications, among which inflammation of dissected tissues, suppuration of the wound, and bleeding, should not be ruled out. Blood oozes from a postoperative wound, is present in urine, and may be excreted with vomiting.
A fever is possible, often the pet's appetite disappears, and thirst rises. 24-48 hours after the operation, urination is painful, difficult. If the cat is bleeding from the wound, the sut is festering, the pet's condition is getting worse, urgently consult a veterinarian, take the animal to the clinic.
Castration is a surgical operation that involves the removal of both testes (testicles, testicles). Male sampling is performed under general or combined anesthesia. As a rule, castration takes 20-40 minutes in time and after a while, if there are no contraindications, owners can take their pet home.
Important! Castration of cats is permissible to be carried out at any age and at any time of the year. In this case, veterinarians recommend castration of males aged 9-11 months and preferably in the spring or in the autumn-winter period. In the hot season, the wound heals longer, the risk of infection by pathogenic flora increases.
Castration, in contrast to female sterilization, is a simpler operation, after which postoperative complications rarely occur, but there are exceptions. If the veterinary clinic in which the castration operation was performed provides an animal observation service in the postoperative period, we recommend using it. The veterinarian will monitor the condition of the cat and, if necessary, will provide timely assistance. The stay of animals in the clinic, as a rule, is from one day to three days.
Bleeding in cats after castration
If the veterinarian-surgeon performed the operation competently and qualifiedly, there should not be any blood when performing an excision with a closed method. It is permissible to drip the sucrose from the place where the incision was made, a slight inflammation of the dissected tissues. The natural healing process lasts 24-72 hours. May be accompanied by general weakness, depressed state, inadequate reaction to irritants, drowsiness, loss of appetite, refusal to eat, increased thirst, slight increase in temperature.
If the cat is bleeding immediately after surgery, this means that the ligature is loosened on the cord of the testis, the veterinarian loosely tied the biological node. As a rule, if the surgeon made a mistake, with severe bleeding, the surgeon must take measures to eliminate the complications before the cat wakes up after anesthesia.
Causes of bleeding after castration:
- improper care, unsanitary conditions;
- doctor’s mistakes during male speculation (damage to the penis, large vessels, veins, arteries);
- discrepancy of seams;
- short stump;
- sclerosis of scrotum tissue;
- incorrect disconnection of transitional ligaments;
- poor blood coagulation.
Severe postoperative bleeding often indicates that the cat has poor blood clotting (hemophilia, platelet deficiency, thrombocytopenia). In older animals, this complication often provokes sagging tissues of the spermatic cord, can also be caused by atherosclerosis of blood vessels.
Note that a cat may bleed a postoperative wound if a pet has bitten off the sutures and constantly licks the incision site, which will invariably lead to the penetration of pathogenic flora into the wound opening and the development of acute inflammation.
Clinical manifestations of bleeding
After bleeding, bleeding can be venous, arterial (from arteries, scrotum veins, arteries of the spermatic cord, papillary plexus, arteries of testicles, arteries of the vas deferens), as well as primary and secondary.
Primary is noted during surgical intervention, secondary - several hours later, days after the procedure. External and internal bleeding are also distinguished. The external is diagnosed by external manifestations, the internal - by the symptoms of anemia.
With damage to the veins, the blood has a dark color, a viscous consistency. If the arteries are damaged, the blood has a bright red color, it is allocated in droplets, in a thin weak or strong stream. In this case, the pressure of the jet varies depending on the position of the cat's body. For example, bleeding increases if the cat stands up, is active, decreases during sleep ...
Important! The most dangerous for life, animal health is venous bleeding from the vessels of the spermatic cord, internal bleeding into the peritoneum.
Severe internal or external bleeding leads to the development of anemia, which can be understood by the pale color of the mucous membranes. Animals are weakened, sleep most of the day, try to hide in dark places, are reluctant to respond to irritants, refuse favorite treats, food. The temperature can be raised one to two degrees or lowered. With acute bleeding, breathing is quickened, the heart rhythm is disturbed.
If the cat has a suture bleeding, there is noticeable heavy bleeding upon arrival home, or blood from the wound went a few days after, urgently take the pet to the vet clinic. Otherwise, the cat will lose a lot of blood, which will lead to the development of serious complications. If help is not provided on time, the pet will die from severe blood loss.
What to do with bleeding
As already noted, if after castration the suture is bleeding, in case of severe bleeding urgently contact a veterinarian and deliver the cat to the clinic. Therapeutic techniques are selected individually, depending on the nature, stage of complication, localization of blood flow.
Capillary bleeding from the spermatic cords is stopped by the application of repeated ligature, and from the scrotum by the application of discs moistened with adrenaline. Intravenous calcium chloride is introduced. With heavy bleeding, anemia transfusion of blood substitutes. In order to prevent postoperative complications, infections are additionally prescribed Vikasol, sulfonamides, complex antibiotics.
Important! With severe blood loss, donor blood transfusion, special supportive therapy in a hospital environment may be required to normalize the condition of the animals.
If the complication is provoked by poor blood coagulation, hemostatic drugs in the form of tablets or injections are used. Apply Eutamzilate (decinone). The drug has high efficiency, quick action. It is prescribed IM in a dosage of 0.5 ml once or twice a day or 1⁄4 tablets twice a day.
Aminocaproic acid (in powder) helps with bleeding. The exact dosage, the frequency of drinking will tell the veterinarian.
If the cat has a bleeding wound, but the blood is not secreted slightly, apply a cold compress. Wrap ice cubes in sterile gauze. Hold for one to two minutes. Repeat this procedure several times until the bleeding stops completely, adhering to an interval of 10-15 minutes. Only the operated area should be cooled. The wound, suture can be treated with peroxide, iodocirin, any other antiseptic solution.
So that the fluffy does not lick, does not gnaw seams, does not bring infection, be sure to purchase and put on a protective cone (Elizabethan collar), which is sold in a veterinary clinic, in a veterinary pharmacy, and pet stores. If you wish, you can make a protective device yourself from soft plastic, dense fabric, cardboard.
After the operation, be sure to check with the veterinarian surgeon what care should be in the postoperative period. Follow all recommendations, carefully monitor the animal until the end of the rehabilitation period, normalization of the general condition.