Worms in cats are a common problem, but this problem is not only "visual". If pathologies of parasitic origin are not treated, the consequences can be extremely serious, even fatal. In addition, many types of worms are dangerous not only for the pets themselves, but also for their owners. Thus, the prevention of worms in cats is the most important event that every breeder should pay attention to.
Basic preventive techniques
So, what needs to be done so that your pet does not acquire "fellow travelers"? The most important - maintaining a good hygiene environment. Remember that feces and urine left in the air are a potential source of infection. So they must be disposed of without fail at home, flushing into the toilet. If you live in a private house, it is advisable to immediately burn these "waste", or at least bury it to a depth of at least a meter. When the pet is already sick with some kind of parasitic disease, and you don’t have the opportunity to burn or bury its stool, the contents of the tray should be thrown into dense plastic bags and filled with a good dose of chlorine bleach. After this, the "container" must be tightly tied up and sent to the landfill in this form.
If you have a private home keep your yard clean. Try not to leave permanently shaded areas, since the eggs of parasitic worms can remain in their soil for months and even years (when they are not exposed to solar ultraviolet radiation). Try whenever possible control your cat’s nutrition. Of course, it is impossible to suppress the passion of cats for the extermination of rats and mice, but to bring these rodents to the scale of their own house and plot is quite real. The fewer the mice, the less likely your pet will eat an infected game.
These small bloodsuckers are not only a strong irritant, but also carriers of a mass of diseases, including helminths. In particular, it is in the body of fleas that the larvae of cucumber tapeworm “ripen”. So you need to fight them, making every possible effort. And for this there is absolutely no need to buy expensive drugs and drugs, it is quite possible to get by with traditional methods!
But for the fight to be as effective as possible, you need to know about the life cycle of parasites. How do fleas grow, where do they come from? An adult female parasite lays several eggs daily. Their number and masonry frequency depend, in many respects, on the frequency and abundance of bloodsucker nutrition. The more active and plentiful the flea eats, the more eggs it can lay. But we are not even interested in this.
So, eggs get into the environment (in a room, for example). There they roll into the cracks between the floorboards and other secluded places. Within a couple of weeks (terms can also vary greatly), they mature, after which the larva hatches. She feeds on all kinds of organic matter, including even ... worm eggs! Some of them process the gastrointestinal tract of the parasite without any problems, while the larvae of other worms use the flea itself, like an incubator.
Hygiene - first of all!
Important! Why does the average cat owner need to know all this? It's simple - no need to naively hope that a single treatment of a pet will solve all problems. It must be repeated at least once again - after two weeks.
It is this time that the larvae need to grow and become new fleas. In addition, to combat larval forms, it is recommended to clean as thoroughly as possible, literally pouring disinfectants into all available cracks and corners. This is the only way to guarantee that young parasites are no longer left. In the case when the breeder does not do this, he can give the medicine for worms to his pet regularly, but he will not be able to save him from repeated infections.
If it is necessary to prevent flea bites, but for some reason the use of powerful disinfectants is not possible, it is better to use more "folk" methods. In particular, the usual sagebrush. If its fresh or even dry grass spread to all corners of the house, the parasites will not feel so at ease. In addition, wormwood essential oil is useful in mopping water.
Of course, helminths do not threaten those cats whose food consists exclusively of dry food (but kidney stones and other troubles with the gastrointestinal tract are threatened). Canned food is also good. But in both cases there are problems. Firstly, good dry food, not to mention canned food = significant waste for the owner. Secondly, dead wood is fraught with animal health problems. Many breeders understand this very well, and therefore feed their pets a "natural". And therein lies danger.
In order to reduce the cost, the main "delicacy" that cat is treated to becomes River fish. According to epidemiologists and parasitologists, the situation with it is becoming increasingly tense from year to year: yes, river pollution with heavy metals is less common, but the number of fish infected with helminths is only growing. Cats, in particular, often "catch" opisthorchiasis. What to do? The answer is simple - all river fish must be subjected to heat treatment! Although a couple of minutes, but it needs to be boiled or steamed.
The same goes for offal and other meat wastes.. If you feed them your cats, then remember that you should buy them exclusively in stores owned by well-established manufacturers. Otherwise, you can buy anything, including meat waste with Trichinella. This definitely will not add health to your pet. Moreover, with regular feeding of the cat with meat products, it is strongly recommended to treat the pet with anthelmintic drugs in preventive doses every month.
The importance of regular visits to the veterinarian
It is better to talk about their specific types with your veterinarian, since you need to be careful: the constant supply of certain drugs can provoke damage to the liver and lungs. The most commonly used are Drontal, Pirantel, Praziquantel and the like. They are cheap and have a good degree of effectiveness. We remind you once again - do not give your cat medication without first consulting your veterinarian! And the point here is not only in the potential for poisoning the pet, if the frequency of administration is too frequent.
The fact is that for trematodes and nematodes (flukes and roundworms, respectively), there are fundamentally different compositions. If you feed your cat with Pirantel, for example, while the animal is suffering from opisthorchiasis, it is not at all a fact that you will be able to somehow help the animal. For this reason, we would strongly recommend showing the cat to the veterinarian at least once a quarter - it is necessary to regularly analyze feces both to identify parasites and to accurately determine their type. This is especially true in cases where you live in an area unsuccessful for parasitic diseases.
Kittens - what to do with them?
And what about kittens? After all, their body is still weak, it cannot adequately resist helminthic invasion, which is why babies get sick much more often than adult relatives. Moreover, a kitten does not have to walk outside or eat meat / fish: it can very well become infected by eating breast milk! The fact is that the larvae of some types of helminths (many of the parasitic nematodes, for example) can hibernate while being in the mammary glands of a cat. When the body begins to produce milk, they wake up and become active. It is for this reason that kittens must be treated against worms without fail.
The first time this is done when they reach the age of six weeks. The second is between the eighth and tenth week. Again, you should not do this on your own, we recommend that you first consult your veterinarian. If it turns out that the already pregnant cat has parasites, it is strongly recommended to wait for the kittens to be born, and after that treat the mother first, and only then, upon reaching the required age, the kittens themselves. Moreover, there are frequent cases when a particular medicine should not enter the body of babies at all until they reach a certain age and / or weight, and therefore (the drug can come out with breast milk), you have to wait and not take treatments. Otherwise, there is a high probability of poisoning both the mother and her cubs.
Take care that your cat always has normal immunity. If the protective system of the animal is weakened, the risk of parasitic infections increases several times. It is necessary to choose a well-composed and complete diet for the pet, as well as regularly give him multivitamin tablets. But of course, they must be prescribed by a veterinarian. Desirable - according to the results of a biochemical blood test.
Isolation as a means of human protection
It is believed that most of the parasitic worms parasitizing in the body of cats are relatively safe for humans. But this view is only partly true. Yes, parasites (as a rule) do not reach “mature age” in the human intestines, dying subsequently. But that is not the problem at all. The fact is that in the same roundworms (roundworms), one of the developmental stages is migration through the host organism. Larvae during this period can be anywhere, including in the lungs, liver, other organs and tissues. People often become disabled because of this.
Children can be especially hard-infected. When Ascaris larvae begin to come out of the lungs (where they tend to get during migration), the baby can simply suffocate, because it, when compared with an adult, has much narrower airway clearance. So the prevention of parasites in cats is a task in the performance of which you guarantee the safety of not only pets, but also your loved ones.
Important! Doctors give a simple recommendation: if a pet suffers from parasitic pathology, it must be kept separately from children and the elderly. Their immune system is too weak, and therefore may not cope with the prevention of the disease. It is especially important to prevent the "co-existence" of children and infants, as the consequences can be disastrous.
Cats themselves, however, isolate from each other is almost useless. It is much more reasonable to treat all pets in bulk. It is much more important that the cat ate in one place, slept in another, and went to the "potty" in the third. So you can prevent the spread of parasite eggs around the house.