Why is it so important to choose the right diet and feed the puppy in 1 month?
What can not be fed a monthly puppy? How to develop an approximate diet and feeding regime for a puppy? What is the role of water in the puppy's diet and when to introduce the first lure we will understand below.
Why is it so important to choose the right diet?
At the age of one month, puppies are very vulnerable to almost all environmental factors. Nutrition is the main nuance of care when it comes to timely growth and the formation of the baby. A healthy monthly puppy should independently empty its intestines and bladder, keep the coat clean and exhibit a high level of activity.
At the age of one month, puppies learn to drink water and eat on their own from a bowl. An indicator of the puppy's health is his desire to establish communications and study the outside world. Depending on individual characteristics and breed, some puppies develop jerkily, which is the norm if the baby does not lag behind in growth and weight gain.
At the age of one month, the puppy does not have its own immunity, but it is protected by the mother’s antibodies. Unfortunately, in the period from 1 to 3 months, when infected with a viral infection, most puppies die, so it is not recommended to walk the pet on the street.
Any alarming symptoms at such a young age can lead to the rapid development of the clinical picture, so it is better not to engage in self-treatment, but immediately consult a veterinarian.
Why is it so important to choose the right diet? The energy and protein needs of monthly puppies are unimaginable. The better the pet’s diet, the more reliable the foundation for normal growth and development.
At the age of 3-4 months, the puppy's teeth will begin to change, but this process will "start" on time, only if the puppy receives enough vitamins and minerals.
Important! With the beginning of the change of milk teeth, with a lack of trace elements, many babies lose their ears or form an incorrect bite.
The first lure for a puppy can be natural or industrial. Usually, this choice is at the discretion of the breeder. If you picked up a little puppy on the street or bought in the bird market, you need to carefully evaluate all the advantages and disadvantages of both types of feeding.
Natural feeding for a puppy at the age of 1 month should consist of:
- Whole milk diluted with water.
- Sour-milk home-made products.
- Low-fat broth.
- A small amount of boiled minced meat.
Note! The basis of the monthly puppy's diet should be dairy products.
As an industrial supplement, special pastes or pastes for puppies are used. Industrial food for puppies aged one month and older is characterized by increased calorie content, so when introducing supplementary feeding, it is necessary to strictly monitor the weight of the pet.
Approximate diet for a puppy in 1 month
The basis of the puppy's diet at the age of one month should be proteins. Meat, dairy and sour-milk products should be considered as sources of proteins. For puppies of small and miniature breeds, from 5-6 weeks of age, sources of carbohydrates begin to be introduced into the diet. Large breed puppies are fed carbohydrates into their diet from 2–3 months of age or as needed.
Note! The smaller the puppy is in size, the more energy he spends on heating his own body.
An approximate monthly diet should consist of the following products:
- Whole natural milk - goat or cow.
- The cottage cheese is calcined.
- Homemade yogurt.
- Fermented baked milk, yogurt, homemade kefir.
- Boiled meat without skin, fat and bones - it is best to give beef or veal, but as an alternative, you can chicken, turkey, rabbit.
- Low-fat broths.
- Neutral vegetables in a very small amount - carrots, cucumber, zucchini, a little pumpkin.
- Chicken egg yolk or quail eggs - only in boiled form.
- Cereals (if the puppy gains weight poorly) - rice, buckwheat.
Adult dogs are quite conservative in taste preferences, so the food curiosity of a monthly puppy should be used to the maximum. Starting from 4 weeks, the puppy can be treated to unsweetened apples, various vegetables, add greens to the minced meat, mix cottage cheese and egg yolk, etc.
If you adhere to industrial feeding, at the age of one month, the diet should not be expanded. Together with the paste, the puppy can begin to be given semi-moist food (pieces with gravy) so that he learns to chew. In addition, at the age of one month, the puppy must be taught to drink water.
At the age of one month, puppies eat 4-5 times a day. Toddlers of small breeds can eat more often. Poor maintenance by the previous owners or living on the street can lead to increased appetite, as a result of which the puppy is infected with worms. The optimal feeding regimen depends on the needs of your pet. Do not be too lazy to teach a puppy to eat by the hour, this will play an important role at the stage of accustoming the baby to walking and relieving the need on the street.
The relatively new recommendations of the World Veterinary Association state that it is better to feed the puppy on demand, that is, when he is hungry. This recommendation is very reasonable, provided that you control the amount of food consumed. Due to physiological characteristics, a puppy can only eat a small portion of food at a time.
Against the background of increased nutrient requirements, even with 4-5 meals a day, there is a risk of incomplete compensation for the puppy's needs.
Important! Depending on the breed characteristics, the puppy's active growth phase begins at the age of 1 month and lasts up to 6-8 months. The most acute peak in the need for nutrients and trace elements occurs at the age of 4 to 6 months.
The role of water in the diet
In puppies aged 1 to 4 months, dehydration can develop within a few hours. With a lack of water in the body, the puppy's blood thickens, which leads to metabolic disorders and oxygen starvation of all organs. As long as the puppy feeds exclusively on mother’s milk, he gets enough water.
However, with the introduction of supplementary feeding, it is important to control that the baby receives the required amount of water.
- With the introduction of natural supplements, the risk of dehydration is minimal, because the baby consumes a lot of dairy products, broth and juicy boiled minced meat.
- With industrial supplementation, the risk of dehydration is much higher. The main part of industrial feeding should be a substitute for baked milk (which is diluted with water).
- Pastes and pastes contain enough water, however, if necessary, they can be diluted a little with broth and stir.
What can not be fed a monthly puppy?
Let's see what you can not feed a monthly puppy and for what reasons. Many of the banned foods for monthly puppies are not recommended or banned for dogs of any age.
Puppies should never be given:
- Chocolate, sweets, any products containing sugar or its substitute.
- Flour, pastry, yeast products.
- Any products containing spices, marinades, vinegar, including sausage products.
- Bones, skin, fat.
- Grapes, raisins.
- Food for cats or adult dogs.
- Leftovers from the table.
Products of disputed utility are:
- Wheat - May cause allergies.
- Honey - may cause allergies.
- Raw chicken eggs can cause allergies.
- Paired pork - considered too fatty meat, in addition, it is a source of dangerous helminths and rabies virus.
- Fish and seafood without heat treatment are sources of dangerous helminths.
- The liver is a useful product, which in its raw form can provoke diarrhea, and in boiled constipation.
All controversial products can and should be given to a pet if it does not have adverse reactions. Liver, fish, seafood, honey, eggs are rich sources of nutrients, vitamins and trace elements. Lean boiled pork is a dietary source of protein.